Published, edited, formatted, images added & annotations/commentary (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig
|locations of various early Indo-European peoples in middle-antiquity (c. 1000 BC)|
The Germanic (Gmc) language-family is one of the language-groups that resulted from the breakup of Proto-Indo-European (PIE).
It in turn divided into North-Gmc (NGmc), West-Gmc (WGmc) and East-Gmc (EGmc) groups, and ultimately produced a large group of mediaeval and modern languages, most importantly:
Danish, Norwegian & Swedish (North); English, Frisian, German and Dutch (West); and Gothic (East, extinct).
|verb-comparisons of several modern-day Indo-European (Italo-Romance vs. Germanic) (imagesource)|
The Germanic verb-system lends itself to both descriptive (synchronic) and historical (diachronic) comparative-analysis.
This overview article is intended to lead into a series of specialist articles discussing historical aspects of these verbs, showing how they developed out of PIE, and how they came to have their present diversity.