PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG
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Number of Speakers: 6,200,000
Key Dialects: Cape Afrikaans, Orange River Afrikaans (or Northwestern Afrikaans), East Cape Afrikaans (or Southwestern Afrikaans)
Geographical Center: South Africa
GENERAL INTRODUCTIONOf the approximately six million speakers of Afrikaans, 4,000,000 speakers use Afrikaans as a second or third language. Afrikaans developed as a variant of the Dutch spoken by the colonists who arrived in the Cape in 1652, with some lexical and syntactic borrowings from Malay, Bantu languages, Khoisan languages, Portuguese, and other European languages.