Showing posts with label runic. Show all posts
Showing posts with label runic. Show all posts

25 May 2014

Proto-Germanic : definition (short)




Published, edited, images added and commentary/annotations (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig

Proto-Germanic 

(from cyclopedia.net)
Proto-Germanic (often abbreviated PGmc), Common-Germanic or Ur-Germanic, as it is sometimes known, is the unattested, reconstructed proto-language of all the Gmc languages, including English. 

23 January 2014

"ek Hlewagastiz Holtijaz horną tawidǫ" doesn't mean "I, Hlewagastiz, Holt's son..." : 'Holtijaz' isn't a genitive, but an ablative



Published, edited, annotations (in red) & images added by Kenneth S. Doig

Abbreviations used:
ON- oldnorse (referring to all medieval NGmc dialects)

WON- western oldnorse (old- & modern-norwegian, icelandic, faerose, norn, etc.)


WN- westnorse (a more general term of the aforementioned, irrespective of era) 


EON- eastern ON (the medieval forms of the following; Swedish, danish, scanian, gutnish, etc.) 


EN- eastnorse (a more general term of the aforementioned, irrespective of era)


OE- oldenglish (an umbrella-term for the very closely-related & [virtually always] mutually intelligible various germanic vernaculars spoken by the "anglo-saxon" invaders & settlers c. AD 400 to c. AD 700 (almost all the dialects were from the ingvaeonic family, aka, northsea-germanic or anglo-frisian): 


There

16 October 2011

AMERICAN RUNESTONE : AN UNSOPHISTICATED FRAUD : I'D BET MY LIFE ON IT!


PUBLISHED, FORMATTED, EDITED AND ANNOTATED (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

(There are a lot of grammatical errors as Mr. Nordling was not too good at English)
The Norseman 
The Kensington Stone - Fiction or Historical Truth? (Without a doubt, fiction, and bad fiction too)

(This article was published by Carl O. Nordling in The Norseman in 1957.) 

CAN a language develop independently among a small group of people till it differs considerably from the original one? Of course it can, but how long does it take, would seven years be enough for a manifest change? This is just one of the questions that are posed by the Kensington Stone. 

03 October 2011

RUNIC ALPHABETS

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

 


Runic Alphabets

Runes are also called Futhark, which actually is an analogue to our "alphabet", in that f, u, th, a, r, and k are the first 6 Runic letters, while alpha and beta are the first 2 Greek letters. Why this order? It must have had some mneumonic function that was not preserved. (Just like why aleph, beth, and gimmel are the first 3 letters in Phoenician/Ugaritic).

24 June 2011

FUTHARK (RUNIC ALPHABET)

Published by Kenneth S. Doig
Futhark
Quick Facts
Type C&V Alphabetic
Genealogy Proto-Sinaitic > Greek
Location Europe
Time 200 CE to 1600 CE
Direction Left to Right
In popular culture, Runes have always been seen as possessing of mystical properties. Once in a while a fantasy computer game comes by with puzzles written in runes, and many modern Wiccan sects use Runes ceremonially and ritualistically. As runes dated from before the time Northern Europe became Christianized, it became associated with the "pagan" or non-Christian past, and hence a mystique is cast upon it. Even the supposed etymology of

02 June 2011

YNGRE FUTHARK (RUNES GALORE)

The Younger Futhark

Publish, edited, formatted by Kenneth S. Doig

From Wikipedia

The Younger Futhark, also called Scandinavian runes, is a runic alphabet, a reduced form of the Elder Futhark, consisting of only 16 characters, in use from ca. 800 CE. The reduction, paradoxically, happened at the same time as phonetic changes led to a greater number of different phonemes in the spoken language, when Proto-Norse evolved into Old Norse.
Thus, the language included distinct sounds and minimal pairs which were not separate in writing. Also, since the writing custom avoided having the same rune twice in consecutive order, the spoken distinction between long and short vowels were not retained in writing, either. The only real reason for using the same rune consecutively, would be when it represented different sounds following each other, such as carving kunuur for the name Gunvor.

17 May 2011

THE GALLEHUS INSCRIPTIONS ARE NOT PROTO-NORSE: SCANDINAVIAN LANGUAGE-CHAUVINISM


Preface

Where the Gallehus Inscriptions
were found, deep in west-gmc
territory when the horn was
inscribed.
by Kenneth S. Doig

Funen is right in the center of the center of the germanic urheimat. Some euhemeristic  (a theory attributing the origin of the gods to the deification of historical heroes.) legends say that the god Odin or Woden, was from this island. This seems more logical than the far-fetched, yet not impossible, theory that Odin was from the Black Sea area. Check out my earlier post on whether Odin- (*Wóðinaz, *Wóðenaz, *Wóðanaz, in proto-germanic &  well-recorded, old-english texts as Uoden,Wódæn, Wóden, & the oblique-case forms Uedenæ, Uednæ, Wedne, Wednes and so on. In OHG (old-high german), Wuotan, MoHG (modern HG) Wotan &

09 May 2011

There Is & Never Was a Correct Form of Old-English or Any of Its Dialects, Only Attested & Unattested Forms



Written & published by Kenneth S. Doig  9 May 2011

I've seen a lot of posts on blogs, wherein the authors criticize other authors concerning their particular orthography, forms and diacritics used for Old-English (OE). One guy was calling the authors of Anglo-Saxon Wikipedia, "idiots" or some other very negative, insulting names for using macrons instead of accute-accents, for using or not using the character "wynn" for w and how they used yogh.

Good folks who follow this blog