Showing posts with label introduction. Show all posts
Showing posts with label introduction. Show all posts

26 October 2011

LATIN ONLINE : SERIES INTODUCTION

PUBLISHED, FORMATTED & ANNOTATED (in this color) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

Series Introduction

Latin Online

By Winfred P. Lehmann,  PhD (Univ. of Wisconsin) and Jonathan Slocum, PhD (Univ. of Texas) [wesbource]

Latin is probably the easiest of the older languages for speakers of English to learn, both because of their earlier relationship and because of the long use of Latin as the language of educational, ecclesiastical, legal and political affairs in western culture. Moreover, we use the Latin alphabet, so that the language is read without difficulty. 

On the other hand, the sentence structure and number of forms require a great deal of attention,

31 August 2011

GENERAL INTRODUCTION : RUSSIAN


Russian


PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


Number of Speakers: 160,000,000 (Campbell) to 300,000,000 (Beyer 2001)

Key Dialects: Moscow, Northern, Southern

Geographical Center: Russian Federation

GENERAL INTRODUCTIONRussian is spoken by about 145,000,000 people in Russian Federation. Large communities of Russian speakers exist in the US, Israel, China, Canada, Germany, and the former Soviet republics (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Moldova, Ukraine, etc.). Russian is used as a lingua franca between different ethnic minorities in Russian Federation. In the past it was widely used as a lingua franca also in the former Soviet republics, but it is gradually being replaced by English.

DUTCH (NETHERLANDIC) : GENERAL INTRODUCTION


PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

Dutch

Dutch Citations Dutch Links Select a New Language
Number of Speakers: 20,000,000

Key Dialects: West-Flemish and Zeeland, Brabant, Holland, Limburg, and Saxon

Geographical Center: Netherlands

GENERAL INTRODUCTIONThere are about 4,600,000 Dutch speakers in Belgium, 80,000 in France and 200,000 native speakers in Suriname, many of whom are bilingual in Sranan. Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands, Aruba, one of the official languages of Belgium, and a national language of Suriname.

LINGUISTIC AFFILIATION

AFRIKAANS : GENERAL INTRODUCTION


PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

Afrikaans

Afrikaans Citations Afrikaans Links Select a New Language
Number of Speakers: 6,200,000

Key Dialects: Cape Afrikaans, Orange River Afrikaans (or Northwestern Afrikaans), East Cape Afrikaans (or Southwestern Afrikaans)

Geographical Center: South Africa

GENERAL INTRODUCTIONOf the approximately six million speakers of Afrikaans, 4,000,000 speakers use Afrikaans as a second or third language. Afrikaans developed as a variant of the Dutch spoken by the colonists who arrived in the Cape in 1652, with some lexical and syntactic borrowings from Malay, Bantu languages, Khoisan languages, Portuguese, and other European languages.

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