Showing posts with label finland. Show all posts
Showing posts with label finland. Show all posts

31 October 2011

Fine-scale genetic substructure in Finland & Sweden

TYPICAL-LOOKING (ETHNIC/REAL) SWEDISH GIRLS FROM
 SWEDEN. MANY FINNISH GIRLS HAVE SAME LOOK. (I'VE
BEEN TO SWEDEN 8 TIMES HAVE LIVED THERE ALTOGETHER
ABOUT 3 YEARS, THIS IS WHAT THE VAST MAJORITY LOOK LIKE)
K.DOIG

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

Compared to the recent Europe-wide genetic structure paper, this paper contains more (and better-characterized with respect to geography) samples from Finland and Sweden, but typed at fewer loci. The authors detect an east-west duality in Finland. They fail to detect substructure within Sweden, though poorer-quality data or the presence of non-European immigrants in their Swedish sample may be confusing the issue. Nonetheless:

The principal component analysis clearly separated the Finnish regions and Eastern and Western counties from the Swedish as well as the Finnish regions and counties from each other (Figure 2C and 2D). Geneland showed three clusters (Figure 3B), roughly corresponding to Sweden, Eastern Finland and Western Finland. Thus, Geneland was able to correctly identify the country of origin of the individuals despite the lower quality of the Swedish data. Interestingly, the county-level PCA (Figure 2D) and Geneland (Figure 3B) placed the Finnish subpopulation of Swedish-speaking Ostrobothnia closest to Sweden. This minority population originates from the 13th century, when Swedish settlers inhabited areas of coastal Finland [34]. Our result is in congruence with earlier studies where intermediate allele frequencies between Finns and Swedes have been observed in the Swedish speaking Finns

ANOTHER EUROPEAN GENETIC STRUCTURE PAPER

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

I was alerted to this study through a post by one of gnxp's competent (i.e., most likely white) posters, and I haven't yet read it. The findings appear to be similar to those of the study released earlier this month (I would guess--based on another recent paper by some of the same authors--they even use some of the same samples). 



But there are a few new data points: samples from Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Cyprus, and Turkey

20 October 2011

"Mongoloidness" & pigmentation among Finno-Ugric peoples

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


Heapost, L. INDEX OF MONGOLOIDNESS AND PIGMENTATION IN K. MARK STUDIES. Papers on Anthropology; 2004, Vol. 13, p18-37.

The paper presents an overview of some descriptive anthropological traits of Finno-Ugrians and their neighbouring peoples (133 local ethnic groups, 13,000 individuals). To compare all the ethnic groups between themselves the index of Mongoloidness (MI) was calculated on the basis of eight traits and the index of pigmentation (PI) on the basis of two traits. The results were compared on a correlation field. Here, two tendencies expressing different directions could be discerned: 1) a grouping where the decrease in MI is accompanied by the increase in PI (most Baltic Finns and Erza Mordvinians, Terjuhans and Finnish Swedes); 2) a grouping, which includes most other Finno-Ugric peoples. Here a tendency can be noticed of both indexes increasing in the same direction. A compact grouping that deserves special attention here includes the ethnic groups with the highest values of MI and PI (most Mari, part of Udmurts, northern and Kola Sami, also one group of Chuvash and Tatars). The comparison of ethnic groups on the basis of these indexes provides a graphic overview of the morphological peculiarities of the peoples which are in one way or another

13 September 2011

The Ancient World of the Finnish People


Published by Kenneth S. Doig

In the year of 98 AD, the famous Roman historian Tacitus wrote the most detailed early description of Fenni, a people of the north. This was probably the first reference to the Finns in recorded history. According to Tacitus, the poor and savage Fenni lived somewhere in the north-eastern Baltic region.

This northern region Tacitus mentioned, was at that time already inhabited by peoples of various origin. Although Tacitus my have been referring to the Sami people, it is quite possible that even at this early date the ancestral Finns were already entering this area. The Finns are believed to be a northern branch of the ancient Finno-Ugric tribes that left central Asia during the period of great migrations.

04 August 2011

REVIEW AND COMMENTARY : THE BALTIC ORIGINS OF HOMER'S EPIC TALES: THE ILIAD, THE ODYSSEY, AND THE MIGRATION OF MYTH

Published by Kenneth S. Doig

THE BALTIC ORIGINS OF HOMER'S EPIC TALES:
THE ILIAD, THE ODYSSEY, AND THE MIGRATION OF MYTH
by Felice Vinci

ODYSSEY - Yes; ILIAD - No

REVIEW AND COMMENTARY

SYNOPSIS:The back cover of the English edition of this book, originally published in Italian in 1995, mentions how Vinci "explains how the cool, foggy, weather described by Ulysses matches that of northern climes rather than the sunny, warm, Mediterranean and Aegean." This indeed is what the Odyssey suggests. This and other investigations in Part One of his book does indeed ring very true. But when he looks for Baltic content in the Iliad, he fails in my view. His evidence is weak and can be read in other ways not involving the Baltic, and some evidence is completely contradictory, and yet fails to be mentioned. For example, the the book's cover notes continue: " ..and how battles lasting through the whole night would easily have been possible in the long days of the Baltic summer. " Vinci does not make any reference to the night when the Trojans are camped on the plain with fires going, and the Iliad explains how the mountains, glades and headlands are visible under the bright moonlight. This shows that nightime fighting could occur because of clear nights with full moon, and therefore there is no need to see nighttime fighting as evidence of there being a short Baltic night. There is much more that Vinci does not discuss that in fact undermines his theory when applied to the Iliad. Another example is his reference to the Odysseyshowing that the boats were two-prowed (the stem and the stern the same) like northern boats (ancestral to Viking boats). But in my search of the Iliad I found a passage that described the sterns of the Iliadboats to have a raised deck, which means they were true Greek warships. My view therefore is that Vinci did indeed find Baltic Origins in the original content of the Odyssey, but not in the Iliad. He should have titled the book "The Baltic Origins of theOdyssey". It is generally accepted by scholars that the Odyssey and Iliad were written by different poets and the Odyssey some time later - probably as a sequel after the Iliadwas popular and the whole Trojan War tale known. But in general Vinci and the promotions of the book lead the reader astray by speaking as if "Homer" is one person. "Homer's Epics" says the title. This makes the reader think both epics were written by the same person, hence giving the impression what applies to one applies to the other. This of course helps Vinci find readers accepting a transder of his findings (like the two-prow boat) from the Odyssey to the Iliad. It isn't until page 204 is that Vinci acknowledges scholars have for a long time believed the two "Homer" tales were written by different authors. I can see why it is advantageous both for his theory and book sales to bury this information;because if the epics are not "Homer's" epics but epics by two different authors, then each epic can have very different origins, and the Odyssey can be merely adapting references to details of the Trojan War from the Iliadalready known and now famous, while introducing and adapting new northern Norwegian and Baltic information to masquerade as Greek places. This very logical and straightforward interpretation fits what scholars know about how minstrels created works from many sources. Indeed if I myself were to create a sequel to the Iliad today, I would begin by getting to know the details found in the Iliad, and nestle them into my new tale, and then adapt all my new content to fit the Iliadand the Greek world. But Vinci cannot entertain this MOST LIKELY scenario, because his theorizing is more elaborate and he has a larger agenda. He is promoting a strange concept of the entire Greek world - place names and culture - having a Baltic origin, which moved south as a result of cooling after a "climatic optimum" around 2500BC. Thus to serve this larger theorizing he had to find that the Trojan War occurred in the northern Baltic and he had to find that the writers of both the Iliad and Odysseyeven if separately, wrote about the same Baltic war. But let's overlook the manipulations that hide the most logical interpretations. Let's ASSUME Vinci was right. If so then the Iliad itself should reveal it had references to the Baltic. But when I carefully read the Iliad, I did not find any Baltic. I found nothing to go against the traditional view that the Iliad was set in the Aegean world. Yes, there are discrepancies, but not the kinds of evidence that prove a northern setting. The significant discrepancies relate to Lycia and Lycians. Wishing to pursue the real truth, I began a research into Lycia, and discovered the more likely location of the Trojan War - southwest Turkey, the ancient Xanthos valley that was Lycia. This setting also solves many of the small discrepancied too related to the Dardnelles location like presence of wood, and the possibility of mist and nighttime coolness as a result of being surrounded by the Taurus mountains. ( You can read the paper I created documenting my findings, at the link at the bottom of this page.) The following text elaborates on these brief comments.

22 July 2011

SF : Finland : Suomi

 
[Credit: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.]Published by Kenneth S. Doig



Official name Suomen Tasavalta (Finnish); Republiken Finland (Swedish) (Republic of Finland)
Form of government multiparty republic with one legislative house (Parliament [200])
Head of state President
Head of government Prime Minister
Capital Helsinki (Helsingfors in Swedish)
Official languages none_Finnish and Swedish are national (not official) languages
Official religion none
Monetary unit euro (€)
Population (2010 est.) 5,364,000
Total area (sq mi) 130,666
Total area (sq km) 338,424

Source

Finland is a country located in northern Europe. Finland is one of the world’s most northern and geographically remote countries and is subject to a severe climate. Nearly two-thirds of Finland is blanketed by thick woodlands, making it the most densely forested country in Europe. Finland also forms a symbolic northern border between western and eastern Europe: dense wilderness and Russia to the east, the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden to the west.
RURAL COASTAL SCENE WITH FARMSTEAD
ÅLAND



Published, edited, formatted, images added &  annotations by K.S.Doig 


 COAT OF
ARMS

Åland Islands, Swedish Åland Skärgård, Finnish Ahvenanmaa, archipelago constituting Åland (Ahvenanmaa) autonomous territory, southwestern Finland. The islands lie at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia, 25 miles (40 km) east of the Swedish coast, at the eastern edge of the Åland Sea. The archipelago has a land area of 599 square miles (1,551 square km) and consists of about 35 inhabited islands, 6,500 uninhabited islands, and many rocky reefs. The bedrock is primarily granite and covered with a soil that, though mainly clay, is rich in certain areas.

21 July 2011

ÅLAND ISLANDS : MIDWAY BETWEEN STOCKHOLM AND FINLAND (Ahvenanmaa)

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG




Åland's poisition on Neuromap[1] & Worldmap
[1] north+European= "neuro" "Seuromap"
southern Europe
The Parliament of Åland
Åland, situated at southern end of
Gulf of Bothnia, midway between the
Finnish & Swedish mainland. 



The Åland Islands during the Crimean War

The Åland Islands are governed according to the Act on the Autonomy of Åland and international treaties. These laws guarantee the islands' autonomy from Finland, which has ultimate sovereignty over them, as well as a demilitarized status. The Government of Åland, or Landskapsregering, answers to the Parliament of Åland, or Lagting, in accordance with the principles of parliamentarism.

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