Showing posts with label ancient greece. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ancient greece. Show all posts

11 March 2015

Ancient-Germanic languages documented - a preliminary-sketch

This image depicts an early map of Scandinavia,
the origination place for many invaders of
Rome's former-province of Britannia
(Olaus Magnus (1490-1557)
Published, edited, formatted, images added & annotations/comments (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig



One of the very few Anglo-Saxon warhelmets
ever found in the British-Isles
Ancient-Germanic languages documented - a preliminary-sketch


by Bertil Haggman

Group I
Gothic (Goths, Ostrogoths, Visigoths)


Through MS such as the Codex Argenteus (Uppsala-University Library) Gothic is reasonably well documented. Also Crimean Gothic is represented with a list of words by diplomat Busbecq in the sixteenth century.

map, showing several major Germanic/Teutonic
kingdoms in the late middle-ages

28 February 2013


Published, images added & formatted by Kenneth S. Doig

(websource: Aegeus—Society for Aegean Prehistory)
05 June 2012

Stella G. Souvatzi, 2008. A Social Archaeology of Households in Neolithic Greece: An Anthropological Approach, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hardback, 320 p., 82 figures, 7 tables, 25.3x17.7 cm, ISBN 978-0521836890

Reviewed by Maria Chaloglou, PhD candidate, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
(mchaloglou [at] gmail.com)

This monograph is the product of Stella Souvatzi’s doctoral thesis which she received from Cambridge University in 2000. The

29 January 2013

ANCIENT GREECE : ORIGINS TO BYZANTIUM





ACROPOLIS, ATHENS
 PUBLISHED, FORMATTED, EDITED, ANNOTATIONS (IN RED), IMAGES & IMAGE-CAPTIONS BY KENNETH S, DOIG
(Wikipedia)
The Greeks, also known as the Hellenes (Greek: Έλληνες, (/elines/), are a nation and ethnic-group native to Greece, Cyprus and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.

Greek colonies and communities have been historically established in most corners of the Mediterranean, but Greeks have always been centered around the Aegean Sea, where the Greek language has been spoken since antiquity. 


THE SEA-PEOPLES, c 1250 BC WHO MAY HAVE BEEN 


ACHAEANS, ONE OF THE FIRST ARYAN-SPEAKING TRIBES 

TO BRING IN ONE FORM OF HELLENIC INDO-EUROPEAN
SPEECH, PROBABLY FROM THE NORTH, PROBABLY
THE DANUBE BASIN 
Until the early 20th century, Greeks were uniformly distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia-Minor, Pontus, Egypt, Cyprus and Constantinople; many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of the ancient-Greek colonization.

In the aftermath of the Graeco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a large-scale population exchange between Greece and Turkey transferred and confined Christians from Turkey, except Constantinople (effectively ethnic-Greeks) into the borders of the modern-Greek state and Cyprus. 

MODEL OF MINOAN HOUSE

22 January 2013

Thrace & Thracians (Θρακι)

Published, formatted, annotated (in red) & images added by Kenneth S. Doig
The prehistoric remains in Thrace is not of great number, in comparison to Anatolia. But there is enough to have the oldest inhabited cave at Yarimburgaz in Turkey, which dates back to about 400,000 years ago. 


The mound at Hocacesme near the ancient town of Ainos has

19 October 2012

EUHEMERISM : Chapter 1: Heroes and Heroic Deeds


EUHEMERISM

The Greek Myths

Published, edited, images added, any comments/annotations by me, (in red) & formatted by Kenneth S. Doig


Written by William Harris, Prof. Em. Middlebury College

Chapter 1: Heroes and Heroic Deeds

The world we live in is the natural frame or reference for our views, since our lives are passed in close physical association with others, and we work closely with other people as the normal function of urban living, which is now almost synonymous with the idea of civilization. 


It is natural for us to see other human beings, whether in the past or present, as social animals, Aristotle put it just that way, and for him, living in Greece in the fourth century B.C., the term was perfectly well suited. 

26 January 2012

ACHAEAN HISTORY TIMELINE





DETAILED MAP OF ANCIENT GREEK WORLD DURING ACHAEAN & TROJAN HEGEMONY IN
THE REGION DEPICTED. FROM CRETE IN THE SOUTH, UP, ALMOST TO MODERN ALBANIA
 IN NW & MOST OF WHAT TO DAY IS GREECE MAINLAND/HEARTLAND ISLES. IN THE NE,
NEAR MODERN ISTANBUL, CALLED THE BOSPORUS (LIT. OX-FORD) BY THE ANCIENT 
GREEKS SAT THE POWERFUL CITY-STATE OF WILION/ILION/TROY WHO CONTROLLED
THE NARROW SEA-LANE CONNECTING THE AEGEAN, HENCE TO THE MEDITITERANNEAN,
& BEYOND TO OPEN OCEAN & THE HUGE BLACK-SEA. THUS WAS TROY A THORN IN 
ACHAEA'S SIDE, IT BLOCKED ACHAEAN COMPLETE DOMINATION OF THE EASTERN
NORTHEAST/CENTRAL-EAST, MED & BLACK-SEA REGIONS. TROJANS WERE 
INDO-HITTITES (INDO-EUROPEANS [IE]) SPEAKING A FORM OF LATE HITTITE,
LUWIAN, THUS WERE RACIAL KIN WITH SIMILAR SPEECH (WHICH MAY HAVE
BEEN MUTUALLY INTELLIGIBLE AT SUCH AN EARLY DATE, c. 1250 BC WITH
HOMERIC GREEK/ACHAEAN GREEK WHICH DIFFERED GREATLY FROM THE CLASSICAL
GREEK OF PLATO, ARISTOTLE OF THE 7TH-5TH CENTURIES BC WHO WROTE IN THE
ATTIC DIALECT OF ANCIENT ATHENS). SINCE THE TROJANS WERE IE's,
THEY HELD SIMILAR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS & WERE SIMILAR IN CUSTOM,
CULTURE, METALLURGICAL & OTHER TECHNOLOGY. K.DOIG
(MAP, COURTESY OF MAICAR.COM. MAP-DESIGN BY Carlos Parada) I SUGGEST
CLICKING THE LINKS. HE HAS A FASCINATING WEBSITE & IS OBVIOUSLY A 
BRILLIANT SCHOLAR WHO'S DEDICATED MANY YEARS TO THIS SUBJECT. 
PUBLISHED, EDITED, FORMATTED, IMAGES ADDED & ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

2250 BC Achaeans come to Greece
About this year, as we may believe, first Hellenic tribes who were calling themselves Achaeans reached Greece. At that time the country was inhabited by non-Indo-European peoples which could be relative to the ancient population of Crete and Asia-Minor. Greeks called them sometimes PelasgiansLelegs, or Carians (an analogy with later inhabitants of Asia).


                  
      ACHAEAN ART                     CRETAN BEACH
 Hellenes could come to the peninsula via Balkans, but it is more likely that they first appeared on the islands in the Aegean Sea,
and then on the continent. This, together with some historical materials (very ancient Greek names and settlements in Asia, like Milet or the name of Ahhiyawa) proves their way led from Asia to Europe across the Aegean Sea.
ACHAEAN SOLDIERS
The peoples who inhabited Greece before Indo-Europeans arrived, now had to be assimilated. However, 1500 years later Herodotus mentions

27 August 2011

The Proto-Indo-Europeans and Their Early Descendants: Proto-Languages and Homelands


SCYTHIAN ART. IRANIAN-SPEAKING NOMAD-PASTORALIST
OF THE EURASIAN STEPPE. THEY WERE OF THE NORDIC
RACE. THE NAMES "SCYTH" IS COGNATE TO OUR WORD
"SHOOT" FROM ANGLO-SAXON 'SCEOTAN', NORSE & SWED
'SKJUTA', GOTHIC 'SKIUTAN', NORW, 'SKYTE'AS THEY
WERE FAMED ARCHERS, SHOOTING FROM THEIR CHARIOTS


PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

The Indo-European languages include most of the languages of Europe, Iran and Northern India. For instance, English, Gaelic, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Romanian, Bulgarian, Russian, Greek, Albanian, Armenian and Kurdish are some of the better-known IE languages of Europe and the Near East.

15 July 2011

Religion In Early Greece

 Dyaus, Zeus, Juppiter, Ziu, Tiwas,
 
Published by Kenneth S. Doig

Religion In Early Greece

The Aegaean Civilisation - The Hellenic Migrations - Prehellenic and
Greek Religion - The Land - The Gods - Zeus - Artemis - Apollo - Hermes -
Athena - Aphrodite - Hera - Hephaistos - Ares - Other Gods - The Dead in Early
Greece - Homer - Influence of the Epics on Religion - Hesiod - Cosmogony and
Theogony.

The civilisation which is historically associated with the name of the
Greeks was preceded in the peninsula, on the confronting coasts of Asia Minor,
and on the islands, by a high civilisation of a distinct type and of great
antiquity. The surprising wealth of this civilisation and the advanced stage
of its artistic development were first revealed by Schliemann's discoveries at
Mycenaean, and this, combined with the leading part which Agamemnon has in the
Homeric poems as the head of the Greeks in the expedition against Troy, made
the name Mycenaean seem an appropriate designation for the civilisation and
its products. More recent excavations in other quarters have shown that the
so-called Mycenaean civilisation not only embraced a wider area in the eastern
Mediterranean basin than was imagined, but that it spread, not from the
peninsula to the islands, but from the islands to the continental Greece.
Later writers, therefore, prefer the more comprehensive and non-committal term
"Aegean."

05 July 2011

A History of Ancient Greece: The Dorians

                         

Published and images added by Kenneth S. Doig


The Dorians were a major division of the ancient Greek people, distinguished by a well-marked dialect and by their subdivision, within all their communities, into the "tribes" (phylai) of Hylleis, Pamphyloi, and Dymanes. These three tribes were apparently quite separate in origin from the four tribes found among the Ionian Greeks. The Dorian people are traditionally acknowledged as the conquerors of the Peloponnese (in the period 1100-1000 Bc).

In Greek tradition, the Dorians were thought to have gained their name from Doris, a small district in central Greece. According to this tradition, the sons of Heracles, the Heraclidae, were driven from their homeland in the Peloponnese by Eurystheus of Mycenae. The Heraclidae took refuge with Aegimius, the king of Doris. Several generations later, the Heraclid brothers Temenus, Aristodemus, and Cresphontes led the "Dorians" back in a successful invasion of the Peloponnese and thus recovered their heritage.

18 June 2011

ANCIENT GREECE

Published by K.S. Doig

A History of Ancient Greece
The Glory That Was Greece


The glory that was Greece," in the words of Edgar Allan Poe, was short-lived and confined to a very small geographic area. Yet it has influenced the growth of Western civilization far out of proportion to its size and duration. The Greece that Poe praised was primarily Athens during its golden age in the 5th century BC. Strictly speaking, the state was Attica; Athens was its heart. The English poet John Milton called Athens "the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence." Athens was the city-state in which the arts, philosophy, and democracy flourished. At least it was the city that attracted those who wanted to work, speak, and think in an environment of freedom. In the rarefied atmosphere of Athens were born ideas about human nature and political society that are fundamental to the Western world today.

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