Showing posts with label Troy. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Troy. Show all posts

25 February 2013

HOMER IN THE BALTIC, A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC FANTASY PEDDLED
AS HISTORY & PHILOLOGY. I HAVE PROVEN HIM WRONG ON EVERY
NORTHERN (BALTIC) TOPONYM HE COMPARES TO THE ILIAD &
THE ODYSSEY. REMEMBER THAT SEINFELD EPISODE WHERE
SOMEHOW KRAMER ENDS UP WITH A JOB IN A CORPORATION?
WHEN HE GETS FIRED, HIS SUPERIOR SAYS, "IT'S ALMOST AS IF
YOU'VE HAD NO BUSINESS-EDUCATION.." WELL, I SAY THE SAME
ABOUT VINCI, "IT IS AS IF HE HAS HAD ZERO LINGUISTIC
EDUCATION. HIS CLAIMS ARE SO OUTLANDISHLY,
EGREGIOUSLY SO OBVIOUSLY WRONG, IT IS LAUGHABLE.
HE COMPARES HOMERIC GREEK (FROM THE 900 CENTURY BC)
TO MODERN, DISTANTLY COGNATE GERMANIC, SWEDISH,
NORWEGIAN, DANISH, TO COGNATE BALTO-SLAVIC LITHUANIAN,
LATVIAN, POLISH & TO UTTERLY UNRELATED FENNO-UGRIC
(URALIC) LANGUAGES, FINNISH, LIVONIAN & ESTONIAN. HE
COMPLETELY IGNORES THE FACT THAT HE COMPARES APPLES
TO ORANGES, COMPARING MODERN FORMS WITH 3000-YEAR-OLD
ACHAEAN-GREEK FORMS. HE IS EITHER IGNORANT OF THE
LINGUISTIC LAWS OF INDO-EUROPEAN, DIACHRONICS,
GRIMM'S LAW, VERNER'S, ETC., OR A LIAR



 diachronic / synchronic. (Gk, chronos, time; dia-, through, across; syn-, with, together). A diachronic study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical

Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics. A synchronic study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time. 

Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state. 

The extent to which synchronic study really does as it were take a frozen slice of history for study is itself not absolute: to talk of a system necessarily implies movement and interaction, and movement and interaction take place in time. 

Thus the synchronic studies of complete cultures carried out by the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss involved investigation of, for instance, symbolic exchanges which were consecutive rather than simultaneous, so that the element of temporal sequence is still present in such structuralist investigations.  

Published, edited, images added and commentary/annotations (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig

Mykines, Greece

Mykines or Mikines (I have never see the form Mykines in books or when I was there on Mykonos. It is pronounced in Greek, [meek-oh-nohss]) is a village and a municipality located 1 km west of the ancient site of Mycenae and 2 km east of the highway linking Argos and Corinth. In medieval times it was known as Charvati. 

Mykines, Mykines

Mykines village (pronounced in Faroese, [mitcha-ness]) is the only settlement on Mykines Island, the westernmost of the Faeroe Islands. It is a beautiful little coastal village with bright houses with turf-roofs, with an old turf-roofed stone Church dating from 1878, and a small stream flowing through the village.

Achaeans (tribe)


From Wikipedia
The Achaeans were one of the four major tribes into which the people of Classical Greece divided themselves. According to the foundation myth formalized by Hesiod, their name comes from Achaeus, the mythical founder of the Achaean tribe.

29 January 2013

ANCIENT GREECE : ORIGINS TO BYZANTIUM





ACROPOLIS, ATHENS
 PUBLISHED, FORMATTED, EDITED, ANNOTATIONS (IN RED), IMAGES & IMAGE-CAPTIONS BY KENNETH S, DOIG
(Wikipedia)
The Greeks, also known as the Hellenes (Greek: Έλληνες, (/elines/), are a nation and ethnic-group native to Greece, Cyprus and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.

Greek colonies and communities have been historically established in most corners of the Mediterranean, but Greeks have always been centered around the Aegean Sea, where the Greek language has been spoken since antiquity. 


THE SEA-PEOPLES, c 1250 BC WHO MAY HAVE BEEN 


ACHAEANS, ONE OF THE FIRST ARYAN-SPEAKING TRIBES 

TO BRING IN ONE FORM OF HELLENIC INDO-EUROPEAN
SPEECH, PROBABLY FROM THE NORTH, PROBABLY
THE DANUBE BASIN 
Until the early 20th century, Greeks were uniformly distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia-Minor, Pontus, Egypt, Cyprus and Constantinople; many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of the ancient-Greek colonization.

In the aftermath of the Graeco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a large-scale population exchange between Greece and Turkey transferred and confined Christians from Turkey, except Constantinople (effectively ethnic-Greeks) into the borders of the modern-Greek state and Cyprus. 

MODEL OF MINOAN HOUSE

19 October 2012

EUHEMERISM : Chapter 1: Heroes and Heroic Deeds


EUHEMERISM

The Greek Myths

Published, edited, images added, any comments/annotations by me, (in red) & formatted by Kenneth S. Doig


Written by William Harris, Prof. Em. Middlebury College

Chapter 1: Heroes and Heroic Deeds

The world we live in is the natural frame or reference for our views, since our lives are passed in close physical association with others, and we work closely with other people as the normal function of urban living, which is now almost synonymous with the idea of civilization. 


It is natural for us to see other human beings, whether in the past or present, as social animals, Aristotle put it just that way, and for him, living in Greece in the fourth century B.C., the term was perfectly well suited. 

06 August 2012

A very short glossary of Luwian, the Indo-Hittite [IH] (IH, a subfamily within Indo-European); Allegedly the Trojan's tongue


PUBLISHED, EDITED, ANY ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) & IMAGES ADDED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


(websource)

Glossary:


 Proto-Indo-European Urheimat Hypotheses
(believe it or not, this ancient language, spoken in Asia Minor c. 1800 BC- c. 600 BC, is distant kin to English. It is closely related or descended from Hittite, the earliest IE language with written attestation, dating back to c. 2000BC)

a- (he) [Hittite a-, e-]
adduwali- (angry) [Hittite idalu-]
ahha (how, when)
ahw- (to drink) [IE *ekw- (water, to drink), Common Anatolian (CA) *ekw- (to drink)]

26 July 2012

The Trojanwar, fought by bronze-age Celts vs. Celts for tin in Britain. Theater was Atlantic, from Scandinavia to Cuba.....Wilkens' view


PUBLISHED, EDITED, FORMATTED & ANNOTATED (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

(websource) 
            TRADITIONAL MAP                   ACCORDING TO WILKENS          IMAN WILKENS
Where Troy Once Stood is a book by Iman Wilkens that argues that the city of Troy was located in England and that the Trojan War was

26 January 2012

"Αναλφαβητισμού του Ομήρου : ÓLÆSI HÓMERS : HOMER'S ILLITERACY"

HOMERIC GREECE (ARCHAIC/PRE-CLASSICAL ERA)c. 1250BC. 
FORGET NOT, THE WORDS GREEK & GREECE ARE NEVER,
 NOT ONCE USED BY HOMER (OR ANY GREEKS EVER) IN EITHER 
HIS ILIAD OR ODYSSEY. HE REFERS TO THESE FIRST-KNOWN INDO-
EUROPEANS IN THE AREA, SPEAKING A PROTO-GREEK DIALECT.
THE MAIN ETHNONYM/ENDONYM USED BY HOMER IS ACHAEA
(Αχαιοί,Akhaioí) THE LAND, ACHAEAN, THE ADJECTIVE/
ETHNICITY. ALSO USED ARE THE WORDS, DANAANS & ARGIVES.
K.DOIG 
PUBLISHED, ANNOTATED (IN RED)IMAGES ADDED (UNLESS SO-NOTED), FORMATTED & EDITED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


(text in blue is not from original article, but third-party cite, quote, post or reference-material)
(I do not necessarily agree with any or all of the views, theories or historicity of this article. It is very intersting and seems to hold some water for the most part. Enjoy! Ken Doig) 




ANATOLIA OR ASIA MINOR,ABOUT 1000 YEARS 
AFTER TROJAN WAR, c. 300 AD. TROY/ILION
WOULD'VE BEEN ON FAR CENTER-LEFT OF MAP,
ON COAST, IN WAS TO BECOME GREEK,
NORTHEAST IONIA. K.DOIG

ACHAEAN HISTORY TIMELINE





DETAILED MAP OF ANCIENT GREEK WORLD DURING ACHAEAN & TROJAN HEGEMONY IN
THE REGION DEPICTED. FROM CRETE IN THE SOUTH, UP, ALMOST TO MODERN ALBANIA
 IN NW & MOST OF WHAT TO DAY IS GREECE MAINLAND/HEARTLAND ISLES. IN THE NE,
NEAR MODERN ISTANBUL, CALLED THE BOSPORUS (LIT. OX-FORD) BY THE ANCIENT 
GREEKS SAT THE POWERFUL CITY-STATE OF WILION/ILION/TROY WHO CONTROLLED
THE NARROW SEA-LANE CONNECTING THE AEGEAN, HENCE TO THE MEDITITERANNEAN,
& BEYOND TO OPEN OCEAN & THE HUGE BLACK-SEA. THUS WAS TROY A THORN IN 
ACHAEA'S SIDE, IT BLOCKED ACHAEAN COMPLETE DOMINATION OF THE EASTERN
NORTHEAST/CENTRAL-EAST, MED & BLACK-SEA REGIONS. TROJANS WERE 
INDO-HITTITES (INDO-EUROPEANS [IE]) SPEAKING A FORM OF LATE HITTITE,
LUWIAN, THUS WERE RACIAL KIN WITH SIMILAR SPEECH (WHICH MAY HAVE
BEEN MUTUALLY INTELLIGIBLE AT SUCH AN EARLY DATE, c. 1250 BC WITH
HOMERIC GREEK/ACHAEAN GREEK WHICH DIFFERED GREATLY FROM THE CLASSICAL
GREEK OF PLATO, ARISTOTLE OF THE 7TH-5TH CENTURIES BC WHO WROTE IN THE
ATTIC DIALECT OF ANCIENT ATHENS). SINCE THE TROJANS WERE IE's,
THEY HELD SIMILAR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS & WERE SIMILAR IN CUSTOM,
CULTURE, METALLURGICAL & OTHER TECHNOLOGY. K.DOIG
(MAP, COURTESY OF MAICAR.COM. MAP-DESIGN BY Carlos Parada) I SUGGEST
CLICKING THE LINKS. HE HAS A FASCINATING WEBSITE & IS OBVIOUSLY A 
BRILLIANT SCHOLAR WHO'S DEDICATED MANY YEARS TO THIS SUBJECT. 
PUBLISHED, EDITED, FORMATTED, IMAGES ADDED & ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

2250 BC Achaeans come to Greece
About this year, as we may believe, first Hellenic tribes who were calling themselves Achaeans reached Greece. At that time the country was inhabited by non-Indo-European peoples which could be relative to the ancient population of Crete and Asia-Minor. Greeks called them sometimes PelasgiansLelegs, or Carians (an analogy with later inhabitants of Asia).


                  
      ACHAEAN ART                     CRETAN BEACH
 Hellenes could come to the peninsula via Balkans, but it is more likely that they first appeared on the islands in the Aegean Sea,
and then on the continent. This, together with some historical materials (very ancient Greek names and settlements in Asia, like Milet or the name of Ahhiyawa) proves their way led from Asia to Europe across the Aegean Sea.
ACHAEAN SOLDIERS
The peoples who inhabited Greece before Indo-Europeans arrived, now had to be assimilated. However, 1500 years later Herodotus mentions

16 December 2011

LYCIAN : AN ANCIENT ANATOLIAN INDO-EUROPEAN TONGUE


PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG
ANTALYA, SOUTHERN TURKEY
(from Wikipedia)
Lycian language (Lycian Trm̃mili) refers to the inscriptional language of ancient Lycia, populated by Lycians, as well as its presumed spoken counterpart. 
The speakers 
Lycia covered the region lying between the modern cities of Antalya and Fethiye in southern

05 July 2011

A History of Ancient Greece, TROY

Published by K.S.Doig

Greek TROIA, also called ILIOS, OR ILION, Latin TROIA, TROJA, OR ILIUM, was an ancient city in northwestern Anatolia that holds an enduring place in both literature and archaeology. The legend of the Trojan War is the most notable theme from ancient Greek literature and forms the basis of Homer's Iliad. Though its present-day ruins are not of vast extent, Troy is a key archaeological site whose many layers illustrate the gradual development of civilization in northwestern Asia Minor.

THE LEADING FIGURES OF THE ILIAD

Published by Kenneth S. Doig

800 BC: Homeric writings

1186 BC: The Trojan War 


Although the Trojan War was the subject of legend and myth in the writings of Homer, there is little doubt that some great conflict took place that resulted in Greek expansion into the coast of Asia Minor and the extension of trade into the Black Sea. Excavations by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the late 19th century revealed that the city of Troy was a prosperous center as far back as 3000 BC. The ten-year war is believed to have taken place in the early 12th century BC. 

19 May 2011

ACHAEANS, ARGIVES, HELLENES & DANAANS...........??

HOMER IN THE BALTIC, A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC FANTASY PEDDLED
AS HISTORY & PHILOLOGY. I HAVE PROVEN HIM WRONG ON EVERY
NORTHERN (BALTIC) TOPONYM HE COMPARES TO THE ILIAD &
THE ODYSSEY. REMEMBER THAT SEINFELD EPISODE WHERE
SOMEHOW KRAMER ENDS UP WITH A JOB IN A CORPORATION?
WHEN HE GETS FIRED, HIS SUPERIOR SAYS, "IT'S ALMOST AS IF
YOU'VE HAD NO BUSINESS-EDUCATION.." WELL, I SAY THE SAME
ABOUT VINCI, "IT IS AS IF HE HAS HAD ZERO LINGUISTIC
EDUCATION. HIS CLAIMS ARE SO OUTLANDISHLY,
EGREGIOUSLY SO OBVIOUSLY WRONG, IT IS LAUGHABLE.
HE COMPARES HOMERIC GREEK (FROM THE 900 CENTURY BC)
TO MODERN, DISTANTLY COGNATE GERMANIC, SWEDISH,
NORWEGIAN, DANISH, TO COGNATE BALTO-SLAVIC LITHUANIAN,
LATVIAN, POLISH & TO UTTERLY UNRELATED FENNO-UGRIC
(URALIC) LANGUAGES, FINNISH, LIVONIAN & ESTONIAN. HE
COMPLETELY IGNORES THE FACT THAT HE COMPARES APPLES
TO ORANGES, COMPARING MODERN FORMS WITH 3000-YEAR-OLD
ACHAEAN-GREEK FORMS. HE IS EITHER IGNORANT OF THE
LINGUISTIC LAWS OF INDO-EUROPEAN, DIACHRONICS,
GRIMM'S LAW, VERNER'S, ETC.



 diachronic / synchronic. (Gk, chronos, time; dia-, through, across; syn-, with, together). A diachronic study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical

Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics. A synchronic study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time. 

Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state. 

The extent to which synchronic study really does as it were take a frozen slice of history for study is itself not absolute: to talk of a system necessarily implies movement and interaction, and movement and interaction take place in time. 

Thus the synchronic studies of complete cultures carried out by the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss involved investigation of, for instance, symbolic exchanges which were consecutive rather than simultaneous, so that the element of temporal sequence is still present in such structuralist investigations.  
Published, edited, images added and commentary/annotations (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig

Mykines, Greece

Mykines or Mikines (I have never see the form Mykines in books or when I was there on Mykonos. It is pronounced in Greek, [meek-oh-nohss]) is a village and a municipality located 1 km west of the ancient site of Mycenae and 2 km east of the highway linking Argos and Corinth. In medieval times it was known as Charvati. 

Mykines, Mykines

Mykines village (pronounced in Faroese, [mitcha-ness]) is the only settlement on Mykines Island, the westernmost of the Faeroe Islands. It is a beautiful little coastal village with bright houses with turf-roofs, with an old turf-roofed stone Church dating from 1878, and a small stream flowing through the village.

Achaeans (tribe)


From Wikipedia
The Achaeans were one of the four major tribes into which the people of Classical Greece divided themselves. According to the foundation myth formalized by Hesiod, their name comes from Achaeus, the mythical founder of the Achaean tribe.

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