Showing posts with label Norse Gods. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Norse Gods. Show all posts

08 August 2011

Norse Version of the Germanic Gods and Goddesses


Published, corrected and annotated by Kenneth S. Doig 

The Æsir (this word has no relationship to the word 'Asia'
Æsir is simply the nom. plural 'Áss' a 'deity' of the Norse form of the Proto-Germanic *Ansuz and plural *Ansiwiz, in Old-English (which has similarly lost the 'n', it was Ós-Ése, but German and Gothic kept the original 'n', MiddleöHigh German Ans-Ense and Gothis Ans-Anseis completely disproving the idiotic theory that these gods were from Asia. And the word 'Odin' is a much later Norse pronunciation of 'Woden' who was not from Turkey or amywhere in Asia, but was a real man, a warrior from the Danish Island of Fyn, c. 100 AD. He was a glorious, heroic leader and he became deified. He was a latecomer to the Germanic Pantheon and his cult never really caught on in Gmc tribes, like the Goths, Vandals, Lombards who left the Germanic Urheimat before Woden was born. Woden really has no counterpart in other IE peoples since he was such a latecomer. There´s a modern Danish city, Odense on Fyn, commemorating his birthplace, it was called in Old-Norse and modern Icelandic Óðinsvé and in his time, he would have spoken Proto-Germanic, *Wóðenswáih meaning 'Woden´s Hallowed Place'
In old Norse Mythology the Aesir are the principal gods of the pantheon. They include many of the major figures,Woden Odin, Frigg, Thnor Thor, Balder and Tyr.
A second clan of gods, the Vanir, is also mentioned in the Norse mythos. The god Njord and his children, Freyr and Freyja, are the most prominent Vanir gods who join the Aesir as hostages after a war between Aesir and Vanir. The Vanir appear to have mainly been connected with cultivation and fertility, the Aesir with power and war in the duality of mythology.
Mythology follows the patterns of birth, death, and rebirth in the alchemy of time and consciousness created by the patterns of Sacred Geometry - the Golden Ratio. The formula, which creates the lessons are about duality, with the godd and goddess pantheons, as well as the human DNA experience.

28 July 2011

WHY ARE THE GODS CALLED BY THEIR NORSE NAMES BY ANGLO-SAXONS, DUTCH, GERMANS, ETC. ? ÞANCAS TÓ ÐÆM MANNE (MENN) FROM ÍSLANDE ÐÆS NAMA 'SNORRI STURLUSON WÆS.

Published, edited & formatted by Kenneth S. Doig


It's getting "old", peoples' using Thor, Odin, Freya, et cetera, i.e., the North-Germanic (Norse & later-formed) pronunciation of the Anglo-Saxon and continental pronunciations, OE, Thunor, Þunor,  Wóden, Frigg or their OHG or Netherlandic pronunciations, Donar, Donner, Donder, Woutan, Wotan, Wodan, etc. For more info on Odin, Woden, Click Here, Click Now! (this list is by no means complete as there was no standard orthography [spelling] in late antiquity through the the Dark-Ages, 
Medieval, Renaissance up to about 100 years ago). To read more about Woden/Odin/Óðdin/Wodan/Wotan/Wuotan click here.
I have stated many times that southern Scandinavia, especially Denmark and southern Sweden is the earliest Urheimat where the mixture of tribes, dominated linguistically, racially and culturally by Indo-Europeans (IE) structurally, metrically and morphologically of the Mediterranean Race, but had long since gone through pigmentation in the IE (possibly the second, the first may have been in Anatolia, then later, after migration, to the northern shores of the Black and Caspian Seas up to about 55 degrees North. Both theories are not mutually exclusive, both Renfrew and Gimbutas might be right). By the time of dispersion from c. 3000 BC (some theorize much, much, MUCH, earlier) to 500 BC, they seem to have become Nordic, specifically the Hallstatt Nordic type, so common in Sweden today and the common racial thread that ties all Germanic peoples, ancient and modern, together. Southern Scandinavia is where these IE Nordics, also hybrids of Nordic and the equally depigmented upper-paleolithic survivors (UPS), such as the closely related Bruenn race and Borreby race. These UPS's about whose language we know nothing, were native, or at least in Northwest-Europe thousands of years before the IE's. Well this is where the Germanic people, a melange of UPS's and IE Nordics had their ethnogenesis. I've also often stated that the primary Germanic race (Hallstatt Nordic, of Indo-European derivation, who'd come from the area/s north of the BlackSea) and sub-races (not sub as in lower or not as good) are much purer, less mixed in all of Scandinavia and also Denmark, Finland, the Faeroes (Faroe of Faero are both correct) and Iceland (technically, only the large peninsula upon which the two kingdoms of Norway and Sweden sit is Scandinavia. But, as many others, I consider especially Denmark as a Scandinavian land, it's geographically so near that a bridge spans the Øresund,(Öresundsbron/Øresund-bridge) connecting Copenhagen with the main metropolitan-center of Skåne (Scania), the city Malmö. So the Kingdom of Denmark for about a decade now has a physical link to the Scandinavian peninsula, it is linguistically, culturally, racially, historically connected to Skåneland (southernmost Sweden, the län [counties] of Blekinge, Skåne and Halland.) In fact, this area of southern Sweden was the Urheimat of the Danish peoples, thence moving westwards, island-hopping all the way to the westernmost part, the Kimbric penisula, i.e., Jutland. The North-Germanic (Scandinavian) Danes occupied the then-recently vacated homelands of the Jutes (Geatas, Eotan, Ytan, etc), the Angles and the northernmost Saxons and presumably all the Ingvaeonic tibes (there were seven). So when idiots or liars say that the Gallehus-horn that has the Runic inscription touted as proto-Norse. I've also heard the horns have been dated to c. 200 AD. The truth about the real, historical figure known as Woden, Odin, Wotan, etc. Read Here! Click Now!

16 June 2011

Norþmenn

Leornung: þā Norþmen ond sēo Norenne Sprǣc

Today my email inbox was inundated with a wave of Norse related sites. And so, for your Norse pleasure, I present a number of them below.
To start off with, I came across a nice article on Odin. It probably presents nothing new to those well-versed in Norse mythology, but for those just starting out it could be a good reference. For further reading concerning Norse mythology, head on over to The Norse Mythology Blog.

22 April 2011

germanic/teutonic/norse god, Bragi

Bragi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Bragi is shown with a harp and accompanied by his wife Iðunn in this 19th century painting by Nils Blommér.
Bragi is the skaldic god of poetry in Norse mythology.

Baldr/Baldur/Balder/Baldor (the Bold)

 

Baldr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Each arrow overshot his head" (1902) by Elmer Boyd Smith.
Baldr (also Balder, Baldur) is a god in Norse mythology. (Note, the modern icelandic -ur & the old-norse -r-endings on the name Baldur/Baldr are NOT casemarkers/morphological endings but part of the name itself, example ek em Baldr [I am Balder], ek se Baldr [I see Balder], ek gaf et [early old-norse 'it'] Baldri [I have it to Balder], ek hef geit Baldrs [I have Balder's goat] by Kenneth S. Doig)
In the 12th century, Danish accounts by Saxo Grammaticus and other Danish Latin chroniclers recorded a euhemerized account of his story. Compiled in Iceland in the 13th century, but based on much older Old Norse poetry, the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda contain numerous references to the death of Baldr as both a great tragedy to the Æsir and a harbinger of Ragnarök.

21 April 2011

List of teutonic deities

 

List of Germanic deities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A scene from one of the Merseburg Incantations: the gods Wodan and Balder stand before the goddesses Sunna, Sinthgunt, Volla and Friia (Emil
 Doepler, 1905)
In Germanic paganism, the indigenous religion of the ancient Germanic peoples that inhabited Germanic Europe, there were a number of different gods and goddesses. Germanic deities are attested from numerous sources, including works of literature, various chronicles, runic inscriptions, personal names, place names, and other sources. This article presents a comprehensive list of these deities.

 

Gods

Ullr/Wulþuz/Wuldor, norse god

Ullr

In early Germanic paganism, *Wulþuz ("glory"; Old Norse Ullr) appears to have been a major god, or an epithet of an important god, in prehistoric times. The term wolþu- "glory", possibly in reference to the god, is attested on the 3rd century Thorsberg chape (as owlþu-), but medieval Icelandic sources have only sparse material on Old Norse Ullr.The Old English cognate wuldor means "glory" but is not used as a proper name, although it figures frequently in kennings for the Christian God such as wuldres cyning "king of glory", wuldorfæder "glory-father" or wuldor alwealda "glorious all-ruler".The medieval Norse word was Latinized as Ollerus. The Modern Icelandic form is Ullur. In the mainland Scandinavian languages the modern form is Ull.
 

Týr/Tiwaz/Tiw/Ziu/Theos/Dyaus/Deus/Mars

Dyeus earlier
indo-european
cognate &
counterpart-
god to Teiwaz

 

Týr/Tiwaz/Tiw/Ziu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
   
"Týr" by Lorenz Frølich (1895).
Tyr is the god of single combat, victory and heroic glory in Norse mythology, portrayed as a one-handed man. Corresponding names in other Germanic languages are Gothic Teiws, Old English Tīw and Old High German Ziu, all from Proto-Germanic *Tîwaz (*Tē₂waz).
In the late Icelandic Eddas, Tyr is portrayed, alternately, as the son of Odin (Prose Edda) or of Hymir (Poetic Edda), while the origins of his name and his possible relationship to Tuisto (see Tacitus' Germania) suggest he was once considered the father of the gods and head of the pantheon, since his name is ultimately cognate to that of *Dyeus (cf. Dyaus), the reconstructed chief deity in Indo-European religion. It is assumed that Tîwaz was overtaken in popularity and in authority by both Odin and Thor at some point during the Migration Age.
The earlierst (pink-shaded) nucleus of the IE-germanic
homelands, before the Christ's birth. Denmark, extreme
northern Germany  southern Sweden (Scania), Bornholm,
Gotland and various nearby Baltic islands
Tiw was equated with Mars in the interpretatio romana. Tuesday is in fact "Tīw's Day" (also in Alemannic Zischtig from zîes tag), translating dies Martis.

 

Name

Proto-Germanic *Tē₂waz continues Proto-Indo-European, *deywos "celestial being, god" (whence also Latin deus and Sanskrit deva). The oldest records of the word in Germanic are Gothic *teiws (/tiːws/), attested as tyz (as the name of the Gothic letter 𐍄), in the 9th century Codex Vindobonensis 795 and Old High German *ziu, attested as cyo- in the A Wessobrunn prayer ms. of 814. The Negau helmet inscription (2nd century BC) may actually record the Proto-Germanic form, as teiva, but this interpretation is uncertain.
The Old Norse name Tyr in origin was a generic noun meaning "god" (cf. Hangatyr, the "god of the hanged" as one of Odin's names; probably inherited from Tyr in his role as judge).
The Old Norse name became Norwegian Ty, Swedish Tyr, Danish Tyr, while it remains Týr in Modern Icelandic and Faroese.

Ancient teutonic religious symbolism


West Germanic Ziu / Tiw

A gloss to the Wessobrunn prayer names the Alamanni Cyowari (worshipers of Cyo) and their capital Augsburg Ciesburc.
The Excerptum ex Gallica Historia of Ursberg (ca. 1135) records a dea Ciza as the patron goddess of Augsburg. According to this account, Cisaria was founded by Swabian tribes as a defence against Roman incursions. This Zisa would be the female consort of Ziu, as Dione was of Zeus.
The name of Mars Thingsus (Thincsus) is found in an inscription on an 3rd century altar from the Roman fort and settlement of Vercovicium at Housesteads in Northumberland, thought to have been erected by Frisian mercenaries stationed at Hadrian's Wall. It is interpreted as "Mars of the Thing". Here is also worth noting what Tacitus stated in his work Germania about capital punishment amongst the Germanic folk; that none could be flogged, imprisoned or executed, not even on order of the warlord, without the consent of the priest; who was himself required to render his judgement in accordance with the will of the god they believe accompanies them to the field of battle.
Tacitus also named the German "Mars", along with the German "Mercury", as the primary deity associated with the Germanic custom of the disposal of the spoils of war; as practiced from the 4th century BCE to the 6th century CE.
In the Old English Rune Poem, the rune that is otherwise named for Tiw in the other rune poems (Abecedarium Nordmanicum, Old Norwegian Rune Rhyme, Old Icelandic Rune Poem), is called tir, meaning "glory". This rune was inscribed on more Anglo-Saxon cremation urns than any other symbol.
There is sketchy evidence of a consort, in German named Zisa: Tacitus mentions one Germanic tribe who worshipped "Isis", and Jacob Grimm pointed to Cisa/Zisa, the patroness of Augsburg, in this connection. The name Zisa could be derived from Ziu etymologically.
Early IE de-
piction of a
IE deity

North Germanic Tyr

Tyr sacrifices his arm to Fenrir in a 1911 illustration by John Bauer.
According to the Poetic Edda and Prose Edda, at one stage the gods decided to shackle the Fenris wolf (Fenrir), but the beast broke every chain they put upon him. Eventually they had the dwarves make them a magical ribbon called Gleipnir. It appeared to be only a silken ribbon but was made of six wondrous ingredients: the sound of a cat's footfall, the beard of a woman, the roots of a mountain, bear's sinews (meaning nerves, sensibility), fish's breath and bird's spittle. The creation of Gleipnir is said to be the reason why none of the above exist. Fenrir sensed the gods' deceit and refused to be bound with it unless one of them put his hand in the wolf's mouth.
Tyr, known for his great wisdom and courage, agreed, and the other gods bound the wolf. After Fenrir had been bound by the gods, he struggled to try and break the rope. When the gods saw that Fenrir was bound they all rejoiced, except Tyr, who had his right hand bitten off by the wolf. Fenrir will remain bound until the day of Ragnarök. As a result of this deed, Tyr is called the "Leavings of the Wolf"; which is to be understood as a poetic kenning for glory.
According to the Prose version of Ragnarok, Tyr is destined to kill and be killed by Garm, the guard dog of Hel. However, in the two poetic versions of Ragnarok, he goes unmentioned; unless one believes that he is the "Mighty One".
In Lokasenna, Tyr is taunted with cuckoldry by Loki, maybe another hint that he had a consort or wife at one time.
In the Hymskvidha, Tyr's father is named as the etin Hymir – the term "Hymir's kin" was used a kenning for etinkind – while his mother goes unnamed, but is otherwise described in terms that befit a goddess. This myth also pairs Tyr with Thor, and draws a comparison between their strength via the lifting of Hymir's cauldron. Thor proves the stronger, but other than Thor's own son, Magni, Tyr is the only deity whose strength is ever questioned in comparison to the Thunderer's.

Tiwaz rune

The *Tiwaz rune is associated with Tyr.
The t-rune is named after Tyr, and was identified with this god; the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name is *Tîwaz. The rune is sometimes also referred to as *Teiwaz, or spelling variants.
The rune was also compared with Mars as in the Icelandic rune poem:
Týr er einhendr áss
ok ulfs leifar
ok hofa hilmir.
Mars tiggi.
Tyr is a one-handed god,
and leavings of the wolf
and prince of temples.

Lexical traces

Ancient gmc religious symbolism
Tyr/Tiw had become relatively unimportant compared to Odin/Woden in both North and West Germanic, and specifically in the sphere of organized warfare. Traces of the god remain, however, in Tuesday (Old English tíwesdæg "Tiw's day"; Old Frisian tîesdei, Old High German zîestag, Alemannic and Swabian dialect in south west Germany (today) Zieschdig/Zeischdig, Old Norse týsdagr), named after Tyr in both the North and the West Germanic languages (corresponding to Martis dies, dedicated to the Roman god of war and the father-god of Rome, Mars) and also in the names of some plants: Old Norse Týsfiola (after the Latin Viola Martis), Týrhialm (Aconitum, one of the most poisonous plants in Europe whose helmet-like shape might suggest a warlike connection) and Týviðr, "Tý's wood", Tiveden may also be named after Tyr, or reflecting Tyr as a generic word for "god" (i.e., the forest of the gods). In Norway the parish and municipality of Tysnes are named after the god.
German Dienstag and Dutch dinsdag (tuesday) might be derived from Mars Thingsus, as mentioned above.

Toponyms

Týr, depicted here with both hands intact, before the encounter with Fenrir is identified with Mars in this illustration from an 18th century Icelandic manuscript.
The altar dedicated to Mars Thingsus, erected in the 3rd century in Housesteads, Northumberland.
  • Dewsbury, England - possibly Tiw's Burg
  • Tuesley, England - Tiw's Clearing
  • Tisvilde, Sjælland, Denmark - Tyr's Spring.
  • Lake Tissø, near Gørlev, Sjælland, Denmark - Tyr's Lake.
  • Thisted, Jutland, Denmark - Tyr's Stead.
  • Tyrsted, Jutland, Denmark - Another form of Tyr's Stead.
  • Tyrseng ("Tyr's Meadow"), Viby, Jutland, Denmark. Once a stretch of meadow near a stream called Dødeå ("Stream of the Dead" or "Dead Stream"), where ballgame courts now exist. Viby contained another theonym; Onsholt ("Odin's Holt") and religious practices associated with Odin and Tyr may have occurred in these places. A spring dedicated to Holy Neils that was likely a Christianization of prior indigenous pagan practice also exists in Viby and the city itself may mean "the settlement by the sacred site". Traces of sacrifices going back 2,500 years have been found in Viby.
  • Tiveden, Sweden - Tyr's Woods
  • Tysnes, Norway - Tyr's Headland

Personal names

(hypothetical) Snapshot of various germanic & other peoples around
200 anno domini
A number of Icelandic male names are derived from Týr. Apart from Týr itself: Angantýr, Bryntýr, Hjálmtýr, Hrafntýr, Sigtýr, Valtýr and Vigtýr. When Týr is used in this way, joined to another name, it takes on a more general meaning of "a god" instead of referring to the god Týr. For example, Hrafntýr "raven-god" and Valtýr "god of the slain" are Old Norse names of Odin.

17 February 2011

BARBARIANS NORSE RELIGION


Published and formatted by Kenneth S. Doig
Notes, addenda & corrections in red are written by me, K. S. Doig
Citations not written by me are in pale-green.

What is Norse Religion? Meet the Gods and Goddesses
of the Norse Pantheon


Norse Religion, or Heathenry, is the modern-day practice of the ancient tribal belief systems of the Northern European peoples;The Teutons (continental Germanic tribes) (I don't quite agree with his tribal designation, the ethnicity of the Teutons is shrouded in mystery, many scholars believe that they were a Celtic people who were "Germanicized" and assimilated by Germanic tribes. I know it's splitting hairs as the ancient Celts & Germans [not "German" or "Deutsch" but the Germanic-speaking peoples who had their ethnogenesis in southern Scandinavia] as in the modern sense in northwestern Europe were both of the same Nordic race, both had similar Indo-European (IE) religions, had warrior-cultures and were ethnic kinsmen, both being Indo-Europeans. The fact remains, the Teutons' homeland at the time they sacked Rome, was in northern Jutland in Denmark. Compare the modern Danish toponym, Thy [Some scholars suggested that they have given their name to the region of Thy (Old Norse: Thiuthæ sysæl) in northern Denmark.From Wikipedia  and the Norse (Scandinavian and Gothic tribes). (All Germanic peoples originate from Scandinavia [I know, technically that Scandinavia means only the peninsular upon which Norway & Sweden sit, but for brevity's sake, I will include Denkark and sometimes even Finland and Iceland] This was their earliest proto-homeland during their ethnogenesis from some, prehistoric melange of one, probably several Indo-European-speaking tribes and non-IE-speaking indigenous, tribes who were also quite similar in appearance, they were strongly depigmentized. These peoples are what we call "Upper-Paleolithic survivors", namely peoples of the Borreby race [like Kelsey Grammar & the Bruenn race [think JFK or John

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