Showing posts with label Greece. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Greece. Show all posts

25 February 2013

HOMER IN THE BALTIC, A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC FANTASY PEDDLED
AS HISTORY & PHILOLOGY. I HAVE PROVEN HIM WRONG ON EVERY
NORTHERN (BALTIC) TOPONYM HE COMPARES TO THE ILIAD &
THE ODYSSEY. REMEMBER THAT SEINFELD EPISODE WHERE
SOMEHOW KRAMER ENDS UP WITH A JOB IN A CORPORATION?
WHEN HE GETS FIRED, HIS SUPERIOR SAYS, "IT'S ALMOST AS IF
YOU'VE HAD NO BUSINESS-EDUCATION.." WELL, I SAY THE SAME
ABOUT VINCI, "IT IS AS IF HE HAS HAD ZERO LINGUISTIC
EDUCATION. HIS CLAIMS ARE SO OUTLANDISHLY,
EGREGIOUSLY SO OBVIOUSLY WRONG, IT IS LAUGHABLE.
HE COMPARES HOMERIC GREEK (FROM THE 900 CENTURY BC)
TO MODERN, DISTANTLY COGNATE GERMANIC, SWEDISH,
NORWEGIAN, DANISH, TO COGNATE BALTO-SLAVIC LITHUANIAN,
LATVIAN, POLISH & TO UTTERLY UNRELATED FENNO-UGRIC
(URALIC) LANGUAGES, FINNISH, LIVONIAN & ESTONIAN. HE
COMPLETELY IGNORES THE FACT THAT HE COMPARES APPLES
TO ORANGES, COMPARING MODERN FORMS WITH 3000-YEAR-OLD
ACHAEAN-GREEK FORMS. HE IS EITHER IGNORANT OF THE
LINGUISTIC LAWS OF INDO-EUROPEAN, DIACHRONICS,
GRIMM'S LAW, VERNER'S, ETC., OR A LIAR



 diachronic / synchronic. (Gk, chronos, time; dia-, through, across; syn-, with, together). A diachronic study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical

Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics. A synchronic study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time. 

Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state. 

The extent to which synchronic study really does as it were take a frozen slice of history for study is itself not absolute: to talk of a system necessarily implies movement and interaction, and movement and interaction take place in time. 

Thus the synchronic studies of complete cultures carried out by the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss involved investigation of, for instance, symbolic exchanges which were consecutive rather than simultaneous, so that the element of temporal sequence is still present in such structuralist investigations.  

Published, edited, images added and commentary/annotations (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig

Mykines, Greece

Mykines or Mikines (I have never see the form Mykines in books or when I was there on Mykonos. It is pronounced in Greek, [meek-oh-nohss]) is a village and a municipality located 1 km west of the ancient site of Mycenae and 2 km east of the highway linking Argos and Corinth. In medieval times it was known as Charvati. 

Mykines, Mykines

Mykines village (pronounced in Faroese, [mitcha-ness]) is the only settlement on Mykines Island, the westernmost of the Faeroe Islands. It is a beautiful little coastal village with bright houses with turf-roofs, with an old turf-roofed stone Church dating from 1878, and a small stream flowing through the village.

Achaeans (tribe)


From Wikipedia
The Achaeans were one of the four major tribes into which the people of Classical Greece divided themselves. According to the foundation myth formalized by Hesiod, their name comes from Achaeus, the mythical founder of the Achaean tribe.

25 January 2013

Strabo's "Geography" (One of the world's first geographers)

                   




Published, edited, formatted, images added & annotations/comments/addenda (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig 

The Geography of Strabo

published in Vol. V
of the Loeb Classical Library edition,
1928


EUROPE-MAP (CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY)
 ACCORDING TO STRABO
(IMAGESOURCE)

Foreword: The Text of Strabo on Lacus Curtius 
by Bill Thayer
The entire work is online in English translation. I don't plan to enter the original Greek text: those, now few, who read Greek will very likely have access to TLG. As almost always, I retyped the text rather than scanning it. 
Not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.) 

I ran a first check immediately after entering each book; then I proofread the text word by word, a check which is meant to be final. In the little table of contents below, the sections are therefore shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text of them to be completely error-free. 
Red backgrounds would mean that they still needed that final proofreading. As elsewhere on this site, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme. Should you spot an error, however . . . please do report it.
Books 6‑14 of the Geography have also been online for some time at Perseus, in both the original Greek and an English translation. 
Edition UsedLoeb Classical Library, 8 volumes, Greek texts with facing English translation by H. L. Jones: Harvard University Press, 1917 thru 1932. The text is in the public domain: that of the earlier volumes because the copyright has lapsed; that of the later volumes, pursuant to the 1978 revision of the U. S. Copyright Code, because the copyright expired and was not renewed at the appropriate time.  

ACARNANIAN MOUNTAINS, GREECE

Book X, Chapter 3

As for the Curetes, some assign them to the Acarnanians, others to the Aetolians; and some assert that the tribe originated in Crete, but others in Euboea; but since Homer mentions them, I should first investigate his account. 

It is thought that he means that they were Aetolians rather than Acarnanians, if indeed the sons of Porthaon were "Agrius and Melas, and, the third, Oeneus the knight" And they lived in Pleuron and steep Calydon." These are both Aetolian cities, and are referred to in the Aetolian catalog.

And therefore, since, even according to the poet, the Curetes obviously lived in Pleuron, they would be Aetolians. Those

26 January 2012

"Αναλφαβητισμού του Ομήρου : ÓLÆSI HÓMERS : HOMER'S ILLITERACY"

HOMERIC GREECE (ARCHAIC/PRE-CLASSICAL ERA)c. 1250BC. 
FORGET NOT, THE WORDS GREEK & GREECE ARE NEVER,
 NOT ONCE USED BY HOMER (OR ANY GREEKS EVER) IN EITHER 
HIS ILIAD OR ODYSSEY. HE REFERS TO THESE FIRST-KNOWN INDO-
EUROPEANS IN THE AREA, SPEAKING A PROTO-GREEK DIALECT.
THE MAIN ETHNONYM/ENDONYM USED BY HOMER IS ACHAEA
(Αχαιοί,Akhaioí) THE LAND, ACHAEAN, THE ADJECTIVE/
ETHNICITY. ALSO USED ARE THE WORDS, DANAANS & ARGIVES.
K.DOIG 
PUBLISHED, ANNOTATED (IN RED)IMAGES ADDED (UNLESS SO-NOTED), FORMATTED & EDITED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


(text in blue is not from original article, but third-party cite, quote, post or reference-material)
(I do not necessarily agree with any or all of the views, theories or historicity of this article. It is very intersting and seems to hold some water for the most part. Enjoy! Ken Doig) 




ANATOLIA OR ASIA MINOR,ABOUT 1000 YEARS 
AFTER TROJAN WAR, c. 300 AD. TROY/ILION
WOULD'VE BEEN ON FAR CENTER-LEFT OF MAP,
ON COAST, IN WAS TO BECOME GREEK,
NORTHEAST IONIA. K.DOIG

13 January 2012

"MYTHS OF BABYLONIA & ASSYRIA" : CHAPTER II : "THE LANDS OF RIVERS & THE GOD OF THE DEEP"

FERTILE CRESCENT/MESOPOTAMIA IN EARLY ANTIQUITY 
PUBLISHED, FORMATTED, IMAGES ADDED & ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG
IRON-AGE RACE/ETHNICITIES OF WESTERN
EURASIA & NORTH-AFRICA (FROM, "THE
RACES OF EUROPE" (1939), CARLETON
COON, PhD

By Donald A. Mackenzie
(websource)

Chapter II. The Land of Rivers and the God of the Deep

Hebrew
HEBREW: BLUE-EYED
REDDISH BEARD


  
Abstract: Fertility of Ancient Babylonia--Rivers, Canals, Seasons, and Climate--Early Trade and Foreign Influences--Local Religious Cults--Ea, God of the Deep, identical with Oannes of Berosus--Origin as a Sacred Fish--Compared with Brahma and Vishnu--Flood Legends in Babylonia and India--Fish Deities in Babylonia and Egypt--Fish God as a Corn God--The River as Creator--Ea an Artisan God, and links with Egypt and India--Ea as the Hebrew Jah--Ea and Varuna are Water and Sky Gods--The Babylonian Dagan and Dagon of the Philistines--Deities of Water and Harvest in Phoenicia, Greece, Rome, Scotland, Scandinavia, Ireland, and Egypt--Ea's Spouse Damkina--Demons of Ocean in Babylonia and India--Anu, God of the Sky--Enlil, Storm and War God of Nippur, like Adad, Odin, &c.--Early Gods of Babylonia and Egypt of common origin--Ea's City as Cradle of Sumerian Civilization.


BABYLONIAN EMPIRE
Ancient Babylonia was for over four thousand years the garden of Western Asia. In the days of Hezekiah and Isaiah, when it had come under the sway of the younger civilization of Assyria on the north, it was "a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey[28]". 

23 August 2011

GETICA: ORIGINS AND DEEDS OF THE GOTHS by JORDANES

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

(as translated by Charles C. Mierow)

Preface
(1) Though it had been my wish to glide in my little boat by the shore of a peaceful coast and, as a certain writer says, to gather little fishes from the pools of the ancients, you, brother Castalius, bid me set my sails toward the deep. You urge me to leave the little work I have in hand, that is, the abbreviation of the Chronicles, and to condense in my own style in this small book the twelve volumes of the Senator on the origin and deeds of the Getae from olden time to the present day, descending through the generations of the kings. (2) 

07 August 2011

The Balkans in Prehistory, Classical Antiquity, Late Antiquity to the Middle-Ages





Published, edited & formatted by Kenneth S. Doig

The Balkans is an area of southeastern Europe situated at a major crossroads between mainland Europe and the Near East. The distinct identity and fragmentation of the Balkans owes much to its common and often violent history and to its very mountainous geography.


Neolithic

Archaeologists have identified several early culture-complexes, including the Cucuteni culture (4500 to 3500 BC), Starcevo culture (6500 to 4000 BC), Vinča culture (5000 to 3000 BC), Linear pottery culture (5500 to 4500 BC), and Ezero culture (3300—2700 BC). The Eneolithic Varna culture in Bulgaria(4600-4200 BC radiocarbon dating) produced the world's earliest known gold treasure, communicated with the Mediterranean and had sophisticated beliefs about afterlife. A notable set of artifacts is the Tărtăria tablets, which appear to be inscribed with proto-writing. The Butmir Culture (2600 to 2400 BC), found on the outskirts of present-day Sarajevo, developed unique ceramics, and was likely overrun by the proto-Illyrians in the Bronze Age.

The "Kurgan hypothesis" of Proto-Indo-European (PIE) origins assumes gradual expansion of the "Kurgan culture", around 5000 BC, until it encompassed the entire pontic steppe. Kurgan IV was identified with the Yamna culture of around 3000 BC.

 Copper Age

Between the end of the 3rd millennium BC and the first half of the 2nd millennium BC, proto-Greek-speaking tribes arrived on the Balkans. At 1000 BC Illyrian tribes appear in parts of Northern Albania and all the way aside Adriatic Sea. Around 1000 BC, Dacians and Thracians appear in the Balkans, in Thrace and adjacent lands (now Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, northeastern Greece, European Turkey, eastern Serbia and Republic of Macedonia). They spoke the Thracian language, an Indo-European language and had a remarkable culture, examples are Thracian treasure.ntainous geography. The Phrygians seem to have settled in the southern Balkans at first, centuries later continuing their migration to settle in Asia Minor, now extinct as a separate group and language...


 Iron Age

After the period that followed the arrival of the Dorians, known as the Greek Dark Ages or the Geometric Period, the classical Greek culture developed in the southern Balkan peninsula, the Aegean islands and the western Asia Minor Greek colonies starting around the 9–8th century BC and peaking with the democracy that developed in 6th and 5th century BC Athens. Later, Hellenistic culture spread throughout the empire created by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC.

15 July 2011

Religion In Early Greece

 Dyaus, Zeus, Juppiter, Ziu, Tiwas,
 
Published by Kenneth S. Doig

Religion In Early Greece

The Aegaean Civilisation - The Hellenic Migrations - Prehellenic and
Greek Religion - The Land - The Gods - Zeus - Artemis - Apollo - Hermes -
Athena - Aphrodite - Hera - Hephaistos - Ares - Other Gods - The Dead in Early
Greece - Homer - Influence of the Epics on Religion - Hesiod - Cosmogony and
Theogony.

The civilisation which is historically associated with the name of the
Greeks was preceded in the peninsula, on the confronting coasts of Asia Minor,
and on the islands, by a high civilisation of a distinct type and of great
antiquity. The surprising wealth of this civilisation and the advanced stage
of its artistic development were first revealed by Schliemann's discoveries at
Mycenaean, and this, combined with the leading part which Agamemnon has in the
Homeric poems as the head of the Greeks in the expedition against Troy, made
the name Mycenaean seem an appropriate designation for the civilisation and
its products. More recent excavations in other quarters have shown that the
so-called Mycenaean civilisation not only embraced a wider area in the eastern
Mediterranean basin than was imagined, but that it spread, not from the
peninsula to the islands, but from the islands to the continental Greece.
Later writers, therefore, prefer the more comprehensive and non-committal term
"Aegean."

10 July 2011

Anglo-Saxon Warriors and the Klephts of Greece: Their Indo-European Origins

Ancient North-Germanic warrior of
 the same ultimate Indo-European(IE)
as Homer´s Achaeans. The proto-
typical warrior who most embodied
the IE warrior-heroic ethos was
Achilles. When asked about his
possible envolvement in the up-
coming war on Ilon (Troy), said
his mother, "go not, have a wife,
have children who'll love you, but
after a few generations, your name
will have vanished. Go to Troy and
do battle, whether you die or not there,
your name will live on forever"
(paraphrased)
This same heroic-warrior ethos was
the defining trait in Beowulf & his
warrior-thegns. "Better to die by
sword, in honorable battle defending
one's lord then a long shameful
life." Also echoed in the Viking-
saying- 'Betr stutt heiðr enn löng
skömm' 'Better short honor than
long shame.'
K.Doig
Achaean Warriors at Ilion- Earlier cousins to
the Indo-European Anglo-Saxons, Vikings,
Goths, that put heroism, honor & courage
above all else. K. Doig
Published by Kenneth S. Doig


Anglo-Saxon warrior bands share the same code of honor as the Greek resistance fighters called Klephts both nations having a common Indo-European heritage and concept of hero. Beginning in the fifth century Germanic invasions transformed the Celtic culture of the British Isles. Anglo-Saxon warrior bands conquered the native Celts and prevailed in England from the fifth until the eleventh century. Warfare, the idea of comitatus, and the Germanic heroic code comprised the Anglo-Saxon way of life. Their warrior clans were ruled by a heroic figure, a chieftain or king, and the heroic code valued bravery, boasting, and above all allegiance to their king.

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