Published, edited, annotated (in red) & images added by Kenneth S. Doig
|blond skythian horsewarrior|
|blond skythian horsewarrior|
|HOMER IN THE BALTIC, A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC FANTASY PEDDLED|
AS HISTORY & PHILOLOGY. I HAVE PROVEN HIM WRONG ON EVERY
NORTHERN (BALTIC) TOPONYM HE COMPARES TO THE ILIAD &
THE ODYSSEY. REMEMBER THAT SEINFELD EPISODE WHERE
SOMEHOW KRAMER ENDS UP WITH A JOB IN A CORPORATION?
WHEN HE GETS FIRED, HIS SUPERIOR SAYS, "IT'S ALMOST AS IF
YOU'VE HAD NO BUSINESS-EDUCATION.." WELL, I SAY THE SAME
ABOUT VINCI, "IT IS AS IF HE HAS HAD ZERO LINGUISTIC
EDUCATION. HIS CLAIMS ARE SO OUTLANDISHLY,
EGREGIOUSLY SO OBVIOUSLY WRONG, IT IS LAUGHABLE.
HE COMPARES HOMERIC GREEK (FROM THE 900 CENTURY BC)
TO MODERN, DISTANTLY COGNATE GERMANIC, SWEDISH,
NORWEGIAN, DANISH, TO COGNATE BALTO-SLAVIC LITHUANIAN,
LATVIAN, POLISH & TO UTTERLY UNRELATED FENNO-UGRIC
(URALIC) LANGUAGES, FINNISH, LIVONIAN & ESTONIAN. HE
COMPLETELY IGNORES THE FACT THAT HE COMPARES APPLES
TO ORANGES, COMPARING MODERN FORMS WITH 3000-YEAR-OLD
ACHAEAN-GREEK FORMS. HE IS EITHER IGNORANT OF THE
LINGUISTIC LAWS OF INDO-EUROPEAN, DIACHRONICS,
GRIMM'S LAW, VERNER'S, ETC., OR A LIAR
diachronic / synchronic. (Gk, chronos, time; dia-, through, across; syn-, with, together). A diachronic study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical.
Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics. A synchronic study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time.
Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state.
The extent to which synchronic study really does as it were take a frozen slice of history for study is itself not absolute: to talk of a system necessarily implies movement and interaction, and movement and interaction take place in time.
Thus the synchronic studies of complete cultures carried out by the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss involved investigation of, for instance, symbolic exchanges which were consecutive rather than simultaneous, so that the element of temporal sequence is still present in such structuralist investigations.
|EUROPE-MAP (CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY)|
ACCORDING TO STRABO (IMAGESOURCE)
The entire work is online in English translation. I don't plan to enter the original Greek text: those, now few, who read Greek will very likely have access to TLG. As almost always, I retyped the text rather than scanning it.
Not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.)
I ran a first check immediately after entering each book; then I proofread the text word by word, a check which is meant to be final. In the little table of contents below, the sections are therefore shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text of them to be completely error-free.
Red backgrounds would mean that they still needed that final proofreading. As elsewhere on this site, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme. Should you spot an error, however . . . please do report it.
Books 6‑14 of the Geography have also been online for some time at Perseus, in both the original Greek and an English translation.
Edition UsedLoeb Classical Library, 8 volumes, Greek texts with facing English translation by H. L. Jones: Harvard University Press, 1917 thru 1932. The text is in the public domain: that of the earlier volumes because the copyright has lapsed; that of the later volumes, pursuant to the 1978 revision of the U. S. Copyright Code, because the copyright expired and was not renewed at the appropriate time.
|ACARNANIAN MOUNTAINS, GREECE|
HOMERIC GREECE (ARCHAIC/PRE-CLASSICAL ERA)c. 1250BC.
FORGET NOT, THE WORDS GREEK & GREECE ARE NEVER,
NOT ONCE USED BY HOMER (OR ANY GREEKS EVER) IN EITHER
HIS ILIAD OR ODYSSEY. HE REFERS TO THESE FIRST-KNOWN INDO-
EUROPEANS IN THE AREA, SPEAKING A PROTO-GREEK DIALECT.
THE MAIN ETHNONYM/ENDONYM USED BY HOMER IS ACHAEA,
(Αχαιοί,Akhaioí) THE LAND, ACHAEAN, THE ADJECTIVE/
ETHNICITY. ALSO USED ARE THE WORDS, DANAANS & ARGIVES.
|FERTILE CRESCENT/MESOPOTAMIA IN EARLY ANTIQUITY|
|IRON-AGE RACE/ETHNICITIES OF WESTERN|
EURASIA & NORTH-AFRICA (FROM, "THE
RACES OF EUROPE" (1939), CARLETON
Published by Kenneth S. Doig
Religion In Early Greece
The Aegaean Civilisation - The Hellenic Migrations - Prehellenic and
Greek Religion - The Land - The Gods - Zeus - Artemis - Apollo - Hermes -
Athena - Aphrodite - Hera - Hephaistos - Ares - Other Gods - The Dead in Early
Greece - Homer - Influence of the Epics on Religion - Hesiod - Cosmogony and
The civilisation which is historically associated with the name of the
Greeks was preceded in the peninsula, on the confronting coasts of Asia Minor,
and on the islands, by a high civilisation of a distinct type and of great
antiquity. The surprising wealth of this civilisation and the advanced stage
of its artistic development were first revealed by Schliemann's discoveries at
Mycenaean, and this, combined with the leading part which Agamemnon has in the
Homeric poems as the head of the Greeks in the expedition against Troy, made
the name Mycenaean seem an appropriate designation for the civilisation and
its products. More recent excavations in other quarters have shown that the
so-called Mycenaean civilisation not only embraced a wider area in the eastern
Mediterranean basin than was imagined, but that it spread, not from the
peninsula to the islands, but from the islands to the continental Greece.
Later writers, therefore, prefer the more comprehensive and non-committal term
Ancient North-Germanic warrior of
the same ultimate Indo-European(IE)
as Homer´s Achaeans. The proto-
typical warrior who most embodied
the IE warrior-heroic ethos was
Achilles. When asked about his
possible envolvement in the up-
coming war on Ilon (Troy), said
his mother, "go not, have a wife,
have children who'll love you, but
after a few generations, your name
will have vanished. Go to Troy and
do battle, whether you die or not there,
your name will live on forever"
This same heroic-warrior ethos was
the defining trait in Beowulf & his
warrior-thegns. "Better to die by
sword, in honorable battle defending
one's lord then a long shameful
life." Also echoed in the Viking-
saying- 'Betr stutt heiðr enn löng
skömm' 'Better short honor than
|Achaean Warriors at Ilion- Earlier cousins to|
the Indo-European Anglo-Saxons, Vikings,
Goths, that put heroism, honor & courage
above all else. K. Doig