Showing posts with label East Germanic. Show all posts
Showing posts with label East Germanic. Show all posts

31 January 2014

Charudes (Harudes?)- Χαροῦδες, Hæredas or Heardingas

Hardangerfjord, Norway
Published, edited, annotations/comments (in red) & images added by Kenneth S. Doig

(websource: European Kingdoms)
Charudes (Harudes?)(Χαροῦδες)
This Germanic tribe was located on the westcoast of what is now Centraldannmark, in the northwest of the Syddanmark (Súðdenemearc) region and the western side of the Midtjylland (Mid-Jutland) region

16 October 2013

Wendþéod/Wandals/Vandals

Published, edited, formatted, annotations/comments (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig
File:Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png
Simplified map of the various incursions into the Roman Empire, showing the Vandals' migrations (in blue) from Germany through Dacia, Gaul, Iberia, and into North Africa, and their raids throughout the Mediterranean, including the eventual sack of Rome in 455
(websource: Wikipedia)
The Vandals (remember that the letter V in Latin was always pronounced as an English W. Usually, in classical Latin, the letter U, e.g., vir or uir [man/virile] was used instead of V. Same for the written V in Old-Norse.

11 August 2013

Italy's Scandinavian/Germanic Tribes: the Gepidae & the Lombards




Published, edited & images added by Kenneth S. Doig

Gepidae
(from Encyclopædia Britannica)
Gepidae, a Germanic tribe that lived on the southern Baltic coast in the 1st century ad, having migrated there from southern Sweden some years earlier. 
File:AtlBalk500.jpg
The Gepidae again migrated during the 2nd century and were reported in the mountains north of Transylvania by the end of the 3rd century AD. 

25 March 2013

Eastern Scando-Teutonic : Gothic, Burgundian, Langobardic/Lombardic, Gepidic, Herulian, Vandalic...

A rough map of Europe 500 AD, after Rome's obliteration. (mapsource: & caption, courtesy of European Heritage Library)
Published, formatted, annotations/commentary

(in red)images

added by Kenneth S. Doig
(mapsource: www.protogermanic.com)
(article's websource: East Germanic languages. (2013). In The Encyclopædia Britannica)
History
According to historical tradition, at least some of the Germanic tribes migrated to the mouth of the Vistula from Scandinavia. 

05 March 2013

East-Germanic (partial) dictionary : Burgundian, Vandalic, Suebic, Gepid


(source) SCANDO-TEUTONIC TRIBES c.50 AD
Published, formatted, annotations/comments (in red) & images added by Kenneth S. Doig

(websource : Gerhard Koebler)

(source)SUEBIC CONFEDERATION IN LATE 
ANTIQUITY 
Anhang 4: W–rter sonstiger ostgermanischer Sprachen
Burgundisch

*adrs, burg., Adj.: nhd. schnell, rasch; ne. quick, rapid
*agan, burg., V.: nhd. f•rchten --- sich f•rchten; ne. fear (V.)
*agja, burg., Sb.: nhd. Schneide, Sch⌂rfe, Schwert; ne. edge (N.), sharpness, sword

04 October 2011

THE GERMANIC LANGUAGES W/ CHARTS



PUBLISHED, FORMATTED, EDITED & ANNOTATED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

THUNOR
The Germanic languages constitute a sub-branch of the Indo-European (IE) language family. The common ancestor of all of the languages in this branch is Proto-Germanic (also known as Common Germanic), which was spoken in approximately the mid-1st millennium BC in Iron Age northern Europe.

 Proto-Germanic, along with all of its descendants, is characterized by a number of unique linguistic features, most famously the consonant change known as Grimm's law. Early varieties of Germanic enter history with theGermanic peoples moving south from northern Europe in the 2nd century BC, to settle in north-central Europe.

03 October 2011

QUICK OVERVIEW OF GOTHIC LANGUAGE

PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG
(websource)
GroupGermanic (with Old Saxon, Old Norse, etc.), East Germanic (with dialects of Burgunds, Gepids etc.)
GeographyOriginally located in Soutern Scandinavia, in the 3rd century AD moved to Europe and settled on the territory of modern Romania, Bulgaria, later Ukraine. After dividing into two main parts: Ostrogoths and Wisigoths, the former settled in Italy, the latter moved to Spain and Southern France.
HistoryThe earliest records date back to the 3rd century. The majority of texts, including Wulfila's Bible, was written between the 5th and the 6th century. Soon afterwards, Gothic was assimilated by Romance dialects in Italy, Spain and France. In Crimea, remnants of Gothic existed till the 17th century.
PhoneticsA rather archaic phonetic system: Germanic stops were preserved here together with their specific fricative allophones (t / ð); the Common Germanic  also remained in Gothic, though disappeared in all other Germanic languages. Vowel mutations are exceedingly frequent in morphology. The Verner's Law is absent in Gothic.
Nominal MorphologyThe noun has all four Germanic cases, adjectives and pronouns also preserved the instrumental case. Types of declension are numerous, having all three genders. Pronouns often use the dual number, which gradually disappears in other Germanic dialects. There is also the Indo-European reflexve pronoun seina, sis, sik 'self'.
Verbal MorphologyGothic is the only Germanic language which preserved reduplication in the 7th class of strong verbs (haitan - haihait 'to call - called'). Some other important characteristic features include the mediopassive voice (niman - nimada 'to take - I took for myself'), the dual forms everywhere (nimats 'you two take'). The complex past suffix of the weak verbs reflects the origins of the dental element: English they filled = Gothic fulljodedun
LexiconThough the sources of the Gothic language are rather scarce, there are a great lot of archaic terms which make the language most useful for comparative studies. 
WritingGothic alphabet
Close ContactsOther East Germanic dialects (Burgunada, Gepidan, etc.) are known only in fragments. A lot of features of orthography and plenty of words were borrowed from Greek.
Sampleiþ ik qiþa izwis ni andstandan allis þamma unseljin; ak jabai hwas þuk stautai bi taihswon þeina kinnu, wandei imma jah þo anþara.And I tell you not to resist the evil; but if someone hurts your right cheek, give him also another one.
Picture
More info

02 October 2011

GOTHS : ANCIENT EAST-TEUTONIC PEOPLES : FIRST TEUTONS TO BECOME CHRISTIANS

EUROPEAN TRIBES 5TH CENTURY: THE FOLLOWING WERE EAST-
THE GMC VISIGOTHS IS SW, BURGUNDI TO THE NE, ALL ITALY,
ODOACER WAS OSTROGOTHIC KING & IN THE NE OF EUROPE,
THE EGMC TRIBES, RUGI, HERULI, LANGOBARDI (LOMBARDS)
THE VANDALS CAN BE SEEN IN LOWER-CENTER OF MAP ON
CORSICA & SARDINIA, ALSO WERE IN SPAIN AND N. AFRICA
PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG

Goths

Goths, ancient Teutonic peoples, who in the 3rd to the 6th century AD were an important power in the Roman world. The Goths were the first Germanic peoples to become Christians. According to the 6th-century Gothic historian Jordanes, the Goths came from Sweden across the Baltic Sea to the basin of the Wis³a (Vistula) River.


 By the 3rd century AD they had migrated as far south as the lower Danube, around the Black Sea. During that century Gothic armies and fleets ravaged Thrace, Dacia, and cities in Asia Minor and along the Aegean coast. They captured and plundered Athens in 267 to 268, and threatened Italy. For about a century, wars between the Roman emperors and Gothic rulers devastated the Balkan territory and the northeastern Mediterranean region. Other tribes joined the Goths, and under the great king Ermanaric in the 4th century, a kingdom was established that extended from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.


About 370 the Goths divided into two separate groups. The Ostrogoths (Low Latin

17 August 2011

THE BURGUNDES






 PUBLISHED BY KENNETH S. DOIG





The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from mainland Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from there to mainland Europe. In Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar, Veseti settled in an island or holm, which was called Borgund's holm, i.e. Bornholm (a Danish island in the Baltic Sea). Alfred the Great's translation of Orosius uses the name Burgenda land. The poet and early mythologist Viktor Rydberg (1828–1895), (Our Fathers' Godsaga) asserted from an early medieval source, Vita Sigismundi, that the Burgundians themselves retained oral traditions about their Scandinavian origin.

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