Showing posts with label Ahhiyawa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ahhiyawa. Show all posts

25 February 2013

HOMER IN THE BALTIC, A PSEUDO-SCIENTIFIC FANTASY PEDDLED
AS HISTORY & PHILOLOGY. I HAVE PROVEN HIM WRONG ON EVERY
NORTHERN (BALTIC) TOPONYM HE COMPARES TO THE ILIAD &
THE ODYSSEY. REMEMBER THAT SEINFELD EPISODE WHERE
SOMEHOW KRAMER ENDS UP WITH A JOB IN A CORPORATION?
WHEN HE GETS FIRED, HIS SUPERIOR SAYS, "IT'S ALMOST AS IF
YOU'VE HAD NO BUSINESS-EDUCATION.." WELL, I SAY THE SAME
ABOUT VINCI, "IT IS AS IF HE HAS HAD ZERO LINGUISTIC
EDUCATION. HIS CLAIMS ARE SO OUTLANDISHLY,
EGREGIOUSLY SO OBVIOUSLY WRONG, IT IS LAUGHABLE.
HE COMPARES HOMERIC GREEK (FROM THE 900 CENTURY BC)
TO MODERN, DISTANTLY COGNATE GERMANIC, SWEDISH,
NORWEGIAN, DANISH, TO COGNATE BALTO-SLAVIC LITHUANIAN,
LATVIAN, POLISH & TO UTTERLY UNRELATED FENNO-UGRIC
(URALIC) LANGUAGES, FINNISH, LIVONIAN & ESTONIAN. HE
COMPLETELY IGNORES THE FACT THAT HE COMPARES APPLES
TO ORANGES, COMPARING MODERN FORMS WITH 3000-YEAR-OLD
ACHAEAN-GREEK FORMS. HE IS EITHER IGNORANT OF THE
LINGUISTIC LAWS OF INDO-EUROPEAN, DIACHRONICS,
GRIMM'S LAW, VERNER'S, ETC., OR A LIAR



 diachronic / synchronic. (Gk, chronos, time; dia-, through, across; syn-, with, together). A diachronic study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical

Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics. A synchronic study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time. 

Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state. 

The extent to which synchronic study really does as it were take a frozen slice of history for study is itself not absolute: to talk of a system necessarily implies movement and interaction, and movement and interaction take place in time. 

Thus the synchronic studies of complete cultures carried out by the anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss involved investigation of, for instance, symbolic exchanges which were consecutive rather than simultaneous, so that the element of temporal sequence is still present in such structuralist investigations.  

Published, edited, images added and commentary/annotations (in red) by Kenneth S. Doig

Mykines, Greece

Mykines or Mikines (I have never see the form Mykines in books or when I was there on Mykonos. It is pronounced in Greek, [meek-oh-nohss]) is a village and a municipality located 1 km west of the ancient site of Mycenae and 2 km east of the highway linking Argos and Corinth. In medieval times it was known as Charvati. 

Mykines, Mykines

Mykines village (pronounced in Faroese, [mitcha-ness]) is the only settlement on Mykines Island, the westernmost of the Faeroe Islands. It is a beautiful little coastal village with bright houses with turf-roofs, with an old turf-roofed stone Church dating from 1878, and a small stream flowing through the village.

Achaeans (tribe)


From Wikipedia
The Achaeans were one of the four major tribes into which the people of Classical Greece divided themselves. According to the foundation myth formalized by Hesiod, their name comes from Achaeus, the mythical founder of the Achaean tribe.

25 July 2012

Ilion, Wilusa, Ilium, Troy : the traditional view....




PUBLISHED, EDITED, FORMATTED & ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG
(
Wikipedia)
Troy (Ancient Greek [IE]: Ἴλιον, Ilion, and Τροία, Troia; Latin [IE] : Trōia and Īlium; Hittite [IE] : Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish [non-IE] : Truva) was a city, both factual and legendary, located in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey, southeast of the Dardanelles and beside Mount Ida. 

It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer.(Ὅμηρος, Hómēros)
Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma:(an archaic Greek letter, /w/-- all but lost by the classical Greek period.) Ϝίλιον (Wilion). This was later supported by the Hittite form Wilusa.

A new city called Ilium (Ilium was the Latin name, classical Greek Ilion. A note on morphology. In PIE & the early Indo-European languages the nominative/accusative, singular of most neuter nouns & adjectives had a nasal sound/letter [n or m] as the case ending. Examples, {in nom/acc sing & plur}: Greek automaton, pl., automata; Latin saxum, pl., saxa, Proto-NW-Germanic *jæran or *jæram, "year" nom/acc/sing; *jæru or *jæra, "years". Cf. Sanskrit & Avestan, neut.sing.nom/acc -am ending. So that's the reason you see Ilium & Ilion. The -um & -on are cognate. K.Doig) was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople and declined gradually during the Byzantine era.

26 January 2012

"Αναλφαβητισμού του Ομήρου : ÓLÆSI HÓMERS : HOMER'S ILLITERACY"

HOMERIC GREECE (ARCHAIC/PRE-CLASSICAL ERA)c. 1250BC. 
FORGET NOT, THE WORDS GREEK & GREECE ARE NEVER,
 NOT ONCE USED BY HOMER (OR ANY GREEKS EVER) IN EITHER 
HIS ILIAD OR ODYSSEY. HE REFERS TO THESE FIRST-KNOWN INDO-
EUROPEANS IN THE AREA, SPEAKING A PROTO-GREEK DIALECT.
THE MAIN ETHNONYM/ENDONYM USED BY HOMER IS ACHAEA
(Αχαιοί,Akhaioí) THE LAND, ACHAEAN, THE ADJECTIVE/
ETHNICITY. ALSO USED ARE THE WORDS, DANAANS & ARGIVES.
K.DOIG 
PUBLISHED, ANNOTATED (IN RED)IMAGES ADDED (UNLESS SO-NOTED), FORMATTED & EDITED BY KENNETH S. DOIG


(text in blue is not from original article, but third-party cite, quote, post or reference-material)
(I do not necessarily agree with any or all of the views, theories or historicity of this article. It is very intersting and seems to hold some water for the most part. Enjoy! Ken Doig) 




ANATOLIA OR ASIA MINOR,ABOUT 1000 YEARS 
AFTER TROJAN WAR, c. 300 AD. TROY/ILION
WOULD'VE BEEN ON FAR CENTER-LEFT OF MAP,
ON COAST, IN WAS TO BECOME GREEK,
NORTHEAST IONIA. K.DOIG

ACHAEAN HISTORY TIMELINE





DETAILED MAP OF ANCIENT GREEK WORLD DURING ACHAEAN & TROJAN HEGEMONY IN
THE REGION DEPICTED. FROM CRETE IN THE SOUTH, UP, ALMOST TO MODERN ALBANIA
 IN NW & MOST OF WHAT TO DAY IS GREECE MAINLAND/HEARTLAND ISLES. IN THE NE,
NEAR MODERN ISTANBUL, CALLED THE BOSPORUS (LIT. OX-FORD) BY THE ANCIENT 
GREEKS SAT THE POWERFUL CITY-STATE OF WILION/ILION/TROY WHO CONTROLLED
THE NARROW SEA-LANE CONNECTING THE AEGEAN, HENCE TO THE MEDITITERANNEAN,
& BEYOND TO OPEN OCEAN & THE HUGE BLACK-SEA. THUS WAS TROY A THORN IN 
ACHAEA'S SIDE, IT BLOCKED ACHAEAN COMPLETE DOMINATION OF THE EASTERN
NORTHEAST/CENTRAL-EAST, MED & BLACK-SEA REGIONS. TROJANS WERE 
INDO-HITTITES (INDO-EUROPEANS [IE]) SPEAKING A FORM OF LATE HITTITE,
LUWIAN, THUS WERE RACIAL KIN WITH SIMILAR SPEECH (WHICH MAY HAVE
BEEN MUTUALLY INTELLIGIBLE AT SUCH AN EARLY DATE, c. 1250 BC WITH
HOMERIC GREEK/ACHAEAN GREEK WHICH DIFFERED GREATLY FROM THE CLASSICAL
GREEK OF PLATO, ARISTOTLE OF THE 7TH-5TH CENTURIES BC WHO WROTE IN THE
ATTIC DIALECT OF ANCIENT ATHENS). SINCE THE TROJANS WERE IE's,
THEY HELD SIMILAR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS & WERE SIMILAR IN CUSTOM,
CULTURE, METALLURGICAL & OTHER TECHNOLOGY. K.DOIG
(MAP, COURTESY OF MAICAR.COM. MAP-DESIGN BY Carlos Parada) I SUGGEST
CLICKING THE LINKS. HE HAS A FASCINATING WEBSITE & IS OBVIOUSLY A 
BRILLIANT SCHOLAR WHO'S DEDICATED MANY YEARS TO THIS SUBJECT. 
PUBLISHED, EDITED, FORMATTED, IMAGES ADDED & ANNOTATIONS (IN RED) BY KENNETH S. DOIG

2250 BC Achaeans come to Greece
About this year, as we may believe, first Hellenic tribes who were calling themselves Achaeans reached Greece. At that time the country was inhabited by non-Indo-European peoples which could be relative to the ancient population of Crete and Asia-Minor. Greeks called them sometimes PelasgiansLelegs, or Carians (an analogy with later inhabitants of Asia).


                  
      ACHAEAN ART                     CRETAN BEACH
 Hellenes could come to the peninsula via Balkans, but it is more likely that they first appeared on the islands in the Aegean Sea,
and then on the continent. This, together with some historical materials (very ancient Greek names and settlements in Asia, like Milet or the name of Ahhiyawa) proves their way led from Asia to Europe across the Aegean Sea.
ACHAEAN SOLDIERS
The peoples who inhabited Greece before Indo-Europeans arrived, now had to be assimilated. However, 1500 years later Herodotus mentions

05 July 2011

THE ACHAEANS- ONE OF THE FIRST KNOW INDO-EUROPEAN TRIBES TO HAVE BROUGHT INDO-EUROPEAN SPEECH & CULTURE TO GREECE

Achaeans
Published by Kenneth S. Doig

The Achaeans (Greek: Ἀχαιοί, Akhaioí) is one of the collective names used for the Greeks in Homer's Iliad (used 598 times) and Odyssey. The other names are the Danaans (Δαναοί, used 138 times in the Iliad) and Argives (Ἀργεῖοι, used 29 times in the Iliad). In the historical period, the Achaeans were the inhabitants of the region of Achaea, a region in the north central part of the Peloponnese. The city states of this region formed a confederation known as the Achaean League which was influential during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC.Homeric versus later use.

The Homeric "long-haired Achaeans" would have been a part of the Mycenaean civilization that dominated Greece from ca. 1600 BC, with a history as a tribe that may have gone back to the prehistoric Hellenic immigration in the late 3rd millennium BC.
However, by the Archaic and Classical periods, the term 'Achaeans' referred to inhabitants of the much smaller region of Achaea. Herodotus identified the Achaeans of the northern Peloponnese as descendants of the earlier, Homeric Achaeans. 

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